NYC litterbugs: Manhattan ants are hot dog fans, new report says
A new study from North Carolina State University shows that ants
and other arthropods play an important role in disposing of
garbage on the streets of Manhattan.
"We calculate that the arthropods on medians down the Broadway/West St. corridor alone could consume more than 2,100 pounds of discarded junk food, the equivalent of 60,000 hot dogs, every year - assuming they take a break in the winter," Dr. Elsa Youngsteadt, a research associate at NC State and lead author of a paper on the work, said.
"This isn't just a silly fact," Youngsteadt noted. "This highlights a very real service that these arthropods provide. They effectively dispose of our trash for us."
Meanwhile, ants are no strangers in New York. A recent study
found 42 different species in the city, with median strips alone
accounting for 18 different species.
The research team from North Carolina State University sampled arthropods, such as insects and millipedes, in median strips and parks in Manhattan to measure the biodiversity of those sites. To find out how much the arthropods ate, the researchers placed carefully-measured amounts of junk food - potato chips, cookies and hot dogs - at sites in medians and parks. One set of food was placed in a cage, so only arthropods could reach it; the second set was in the open, where other animals could also eat it. After 24 hours, the scientists collected the food to see how much was consumed.
By comparing consumption inside and outside of the sample cages, the researchers concluded that other animals, such as rats and pigeons, were also snacking on junk food.
"This means that ants and rats are competing to eat human garbage, and whatever the ants eat isn't available for the rats," Youngsteadt explains. "The ants aren't just helping to clean up our cities, but to limit populations of rats and other pests."
The researchers were conducting a long-term study of urban insects when Hurricane Sandy hit NYC in 2012. In spring 2013, they expanded their study to see whether the disaster had affected the behavior of insect populations. The researchers found that Hurricane Sandy had no serious impact on food consumption by arthropod populations in New York, which came as a surprise, given that many of the study sites had been flooded with brackish water.