Blame game begins in US after nurse infected with Ebola
In America’s first test case in dealing with Ebola outside of Africa, the US medical community has not performed as well as expected. A female nurse who cared for Thomas Eric Duncan, who arrived in the US last month from Liberia, became the first person to contract the disease inside the United States.
Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC), blamed a break in protocol as the reason for
“The healthcare workers who cared for this individual may have had a breach of the same nature,” Frieden said in a press conference Sunday. “It is certainly very concerning and it tells us there is a need to enhance training and make sure protocols are followed.
“The protocols work… but we know that even a single lapse or breach can result in infection.”
The worst Ebola epidemic in history, which has already killed over 4,000 people, broke out in West Africa in March. Since then, medical officials have been sounding the alarm that the disease may spread like wildfire around the planet.
— Dr. Tom Frieden (@DrFriedenCDC) October 12, 2014
Meanwhile, despite having had “extensive contact … on
multiple occasions” with Duncan, who died on October 8 in an isolation unit, the
Dallas nurse was reportedly not among the nearly 50 individuals
being monitored for the disease, which has a 21-day incubation
“It’s deeply concerning that this infection occurred,” Frieden said. “We can’t let any hospital let its guard down.”
Frieden’s comments sparked controversy among some medical officials, who argue that the transmission occurred due to a systemic failure, in that not all hospitals are prepared to handle such severe cases. Others questioned the timing of the criticism.
"You don't scapegoat and blame when you have a disease
outbreak," said Bonnie Castillo, a registered nurse and a
disaster relief expert at National Nurses United, as quoted by
Reuters. "We have a system failure. That is what we have to
Castillo blamed the problem on a lack of communication between the medical authorities and the thousands of medical facilities across the United States.
In preparation for an emergency, hospitals "post something on a bulletin board referring workers and nurses to the CDC guidelines. That is not how you drill and practice and become expert," she said.
CDC spokesman Tom Skinner said it may consider designating hospitals in each region to handle any Ebola cases.
"We've been doing a lot over the past few months, but clearly there is more to do," he said. "The notion of possibly transporting patients diagnosed with Ebola to these hospitals is not something that is out of the question, and is something we may look into.”
In August, American doctor Kent Brantly recovered from the Ebola virus after contracting the deadly disease in Liberia. He was treated with the blood plasma of an African child who had survived the virus, as well as with the experimental drug, ZMapp. Another US doctor, Rick Sacra, also made a full recovery from the virus last month after receiving blood plasma transfusions from Brantly, in addition to another experimental drug called TKM-Ebola.
Meanwhile, the Spanish nurse infected with Ebola, Teresa Romero
Ramos, is in a stable condition and showing signs of improvement,
the Spanish government has said.
Health official Fernando Simón told reporters that the presence of the virus in Ramos’s blood appears to be decreasing. “We have high hopes that the infection is under control,” he said.