South Africa considering change of BRICS summit venue – Reuters
South Africa may ask China to host the upcoming BRICS summit in August, so it would not have to deal with the International Criminal Court’s arrest warrant for the Russian president, Reuters reported on Wednesday, citing an anonymous government official.
The meeting, involving Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, is scheduled to begin on August 22. Russian President Vladimir Putin was invited to attend back in January however in March the ICC charged him with war crimes, based on Ukraine’s claims that children were forcibly removed during the armed conflict between the two neighbors.
Moscow replied that the civilians were evacuated from Ukrainian artillery fire and that, because Russia does not recognize the ICC’s jurisdiction, the warrant was null and void.
South Africa, however, is a signatory party to the Rome Statute that chartered the ICC, and would be legally obligated to arrest Putin should he come to visit.
One of the options “gaining traction” in Pretoria is to ask China to host the BRICS event, according to a senior government official who spoke with the agency on condition of anonymity. Like Moscow, Beijing is not a party to the Rome Statute.
“Because of our legal obligations, we have to arrest President Putin, but we can’t do that,” former South African President Thabo Mbeki said in a radio interview last week, explaining that the BRICS summit is unlikely to take place in South Africa for that reason.
South African Minister of International Relations and Cooperation Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor said on Tuesday that the diplomatic immunity extended to all summit attendees does “not override any warrant that may have been issued by any international tribunal.”
Pretoria was considering passing a law that would give it some discretion in enforcing the ICC arrest warrants, Deputy Minister of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs Obed Bapela told the BBC on Tuesday. However, a justice department official who spoke with Reuters anonymously said there was not enough time to get such a law through parliament before the summit.
“There has been no firm decision,” Zane Dangor, director-general of the department of international relations, told Reuters. He said the ministers assigned to the matter will meet soon to consider a report setting out all the options.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Tuesday that Russia will take part in the BRICS summit at the “proper level,” and added that Moscow expected partner countries such as South Africa not to be guided by “illegal decisions” such as the ICC warrant.