The Russian figure skater was declared to be free of wrongdoing in her case – but that does not mean it’s over
Eleven months after the doping scandal involving teenage Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva rocked the Beijing Winter Olympics, there were significant developments this week when the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) announced that it had been informed of the outcome of a tribunal into the case.
But rather than mark the end of the saga, the statement from WADA on Friday merely indicates that the story is set to drag on.
For the 16-year-old Valieva, her legions of fans and numerous other stakeholders, it may be some time before there is closure in one of the biggest Olympic stories in recent memory.
What are the latest developments in Valieva’s case?
announced on Friday that it had been informed by the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) of the outcome of a hearing into Valieva’s case by a disciplinary anti-doping committee (DAC). According to WADA, the Russian committee “found that although the athlete had committed an Anti-Doping Rule Violation, she bore ‘no fault or negligence’ for it.”
The only sanction imposed on Valieva was the disqualification of her competitive results from December 25, 2021 – the day that she produced a positive sample for the banned heart medication trimetazidine.
That means Valieva has lost the Russian women’s national title she won on that date, but no other sanctions were applied. Does that mean the case is closed?
Far from it. In the same statement on Friday, WADA said that it had requested a full copy of the reasoning for the decision by the Russian anti-doping committee before deciding on its next steps.
WADA had already filed an appeal regarding Valieva with the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in Switzerland back in November, accusing RUSADA of unacceptable delays in investigating the case and seeking a four-year ban for the skater.
WADA said on Friday that it was
“concerned” by the finding of no fault or negligence for Valieva, and that it will “not hesitate to exercise its right of appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, as appropriate.” “WADA will consider what its next steps will be so that the matter is dealt with as quickly as possible and without further undue delay,” the organization added. What has been said in Russia?
The outcome of the case has largely been presented in the Western media as a decision by RUSADA to exonerate Valieva and something of a Russian stitch-up.
However, the committee which made the ruling is described in Russia as independent, even though it received the findings of RUSADA’s investigation into Valieva and her team before reaching its judgement.
RUSADA chief Veronika Loginova said on Friday that her organization has yet to receive the full reasoning of the decision by the anti-doping committee.
Loginova did not rule out that RUSADA itself could seek to appeal the decision by the tribunal, either through national arbitration or CAS, once it had studied the full details of the ruling.
Elsewhere, the decision to find no wrongdoing by Valieva was welcomed by the likes of Russian politician Dmitry Svishchev, who heads the State Duma Committee on Physical Culture and Sport. He
said the ruling by the tribunal was no doubt backed up by “serious reasoning.” What other issues are there?
The time frame surrounding the case continues to be a concern for all involved. Despite Valieva’s positive test coming from a sample taken in December 2021, the result was only reported in February 2022 – after she had starred in Russia’s victory in the figure skating team event at the Beijing Olympics.
After the news of Valieva’s doping scandal broke, the medal ceremony for that event was never held. Valieva and her Russian teammates are currently classed as Olympic champions, but could lose their gold medals if WADA wins its case with CAS. That would promote the US team to gold, with Japan rising to silver and Canada being lifted into bronze. Further complicating matters, RUSADA is seeking reinstatement by WADA following the end of a two-year ban in December. That sanction was imposed after claims of data manipulation at a Moscow anti-doping laboratory, continuing long-running accusations of wrongdoing in Russia – something the country has denied. While not directly related, the issue with Valieva surely cannot help rebuild bridges between RUSADA and WADA if the two sides are at loggerheads over the figure skater’s case.
If, as seems inevitable, WADA pursues its case at CAS against Valieva, the legal battle is set to drag on well into 2023 – if not longer, assuming there would be counter-appeals from the figure skater and her team against any potential bans.
What has been said elsewhere about Valieva’s case?
Somewhat predictably, the head of the US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), Travis Tygart, reacted with anger to Friday’s announcement that Valieva had been deemed not guilty of fault or negligence.
Tygart claimed it was a “self-serving decision” by RUSADA, and that WADA and figure skating governing body the ISU “have to appeal this decision for the sake of the credibility of the anti-doping system and the rights of all athletes.”
Alongside WADA and the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the ISU had sought to prevent Valieva from continuing to compete at the Beijing Games following the news of her positive test back in February – a bid which failed when she was cleared to do so by a CAS panel.
Neither the ISU nor IOC has commented on the latest developments regarding Valieva; in any case, she and her compatriots are currently banned from international competitions because of sanctions imposed as a result of the conflict in Ukraine. What have Valieva and her team said?
Nothing, at least publicly. Valieva’s response to Friday’s statement from WADA was to edit her social media profiles so that they no longer include the title of Russian champion – in line with the decision of the anti-doping tribunal. There has been no official response from her coach, Eteri Tutberidze, at the time of writing.
Considerations surrounding Valieva’s age have always made this a sensitive case from the very beginning. She was just 15 at the time the scandal broke in Beijing – something that WADA and CAS have both noted. RUSADA
said in October that it had the right not to fully disclose the details of Valieva’s case, given her status as a “protected person.” That may mean the full reasoning and details behind the case do not see the light of day. However, it was reported during the CAS hearings in Beijing that Valieva’s team argued the positive result for trimetazidine may have come via contamination from medication her grandfather was taking.
More recently, Valieva has addressed her Olympic ordeal in artistic form during performances at domestic events this season.
Valieva’s new free skate routine has drawn on themes from the scandal, with the teenager dressed in black and covering her face at the end of her performance – mimicking how she was forced to shield herself from the intense media glare in Beijing. Almost one year later, Valieva has admitted that what transpired at the Olympics still stirs up strong emotions – with even more twists and turns lying ahead in the saga.
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