1st contact in nearly 2 years: North Korea calls South via cross-border hotline
South and North Korea made their first contact at the border village of Panmunjom via a communication channel which Pyongyang ordered brought back online earlier on Wednesday, Yonhap reported. South Korea’s unification ministry said that “A North Korean official first contacted the South side via the channel.”
Future discussions will focus on sending North Korean athletes to the PyeongChang Winter Olympics which will kick off in South Korea next month, according to the statement issued by an unnamed Northern official.
The North will open dialogue at 7:00am GMT (3:00 pm Pyongyang time) at the shared border village of Panmunjom, the statement said as cited by Yonhap.
Kim Jong-un had said he was open to talks with Seoul in his New Year address, saying the two Koreas should "lower the military tensions on the Korean Peninsula to create a peaceful environment." Kim added that efforts should be made by “both the North and the South."
The presidential office in Seoul welcomed the reconciliatory message. Cho Myoung-gyon, Minister for Unification, proposed that representatives of both Koreas meet next Tuesday in Panmunjom to discuss “the North’s participation in the [Olympic] games and ways to improve inter-Korean ties in a frank manner,” as cited by Yonhap.
The promising exchange of peace messages apparently went unnoticed in the US. Earlier, President Donald Trump fired off an angry tweet responding to Kim Jong-un’s New Year message in which the North Korean leader claimed, “The entire United States is within range of our nuclear weapons, and a nuclear button is always on my desk.”
The US President tweeted in return he wants “someone from his depleted and food starved regime” to inform Kim that not only is POTUS’ “Nuclear Button” bigger and better, but it actually works.
At lower levels of Washington’s administration, several officials said the US will continue to pressurize North Korea as previously. Asked to comment on the prospect of a peaceful solution to the Korean crisis, White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said on Tuesday “our policy on North Korea hasn’t changed at all” and that the US “is committed and will still continue to put maximum pressure on North Korea to change and make sure that it denuclearizes the Peninsula.”
Echoing the White House’s statement, State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert told reporters: “If the Republic of Korea and the DPRK [official abbreviation for North Korea] want to have a conversation, that’s fine, but we aren’t going to necessarily believe that Kim Jong-un is sincere and is credible in his talks.”
Moscow, for its part, has consistently voiced unease over Washington’s policy of pressure and coercion. In December last year, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said the US wants to strangle North Korea until it submits, adding that Russia will not back such an approach and will continue to seek a way to integrate North Korea into the world community, rather than isolate it.
“You can’t strangle North Korea. You can’t impose a total blockade,” the diplomat added. Earlier in the month, Lavrov had posited that all parties involved in the Korean crisis should “break the vicious cycle of confrontation, reckless schemes and sanctions” and halt “mutually-provocative actions.”
Moscow and Beijing had suggested a reconciliation roadmap which would see the US and its Asia-Pacific allies stop all military exercises seen as war preparations in North Korea in exchange for Pyongyang freezing its nuclear and missile programs.
There has been no inter-Korean communication since February 2016, when Pyongyang cut the channels in protest at Seoul’s closing down of a joint industrial complex which employed North Koreans.
The two Koreas have attempted to mend ties on numerous occasions over the past two decades, but with little success. In the late 1990s, then-South Korean President Kim Dae-jung helped set up the first-ever Inter-Korean talks in decades. At the time, the South Korean president held a face-to-face meeting with the then-North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, for which Kim Dae-jung was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize.
In 2007, his successor Roh Moo-hyun also met Kim Jong-il in Pyongyang. However, peace efforts stalled as military tensions began to mount on the peninsula, fueled by the 2010 sinking of South Korean corvette ROKS ‘Cheonan’, the subsequent shelling of South Korea’s Yeonpyeong Island in the Yellow Sea, and the recent missile launches and nuclear tests carried out by the North.