Viewing terrorist websites isn’t a crime, France’s top constitutional body says
The bill proposes to sentence anyone who visits jihadist websites “without any legitimate reason” to “two years of imprisonment and a €30,000 fine.”
On Friday, the French Constitutional Council, the highest constitutional authority in France, rejected the proposed legislation, considering it “neither adequate, not proportional.” The bill violates freedom of expression and communication, the council said in a statement.
The legislation was previously rejected by the Constitutional Council in February, which prompted lawmakers to introduce changes, clarifying surfing restrictions. The latest version of the bill allows someone to visit a terrorist website if the visitor can prove it was for “public information or scientific research.” The bill was again rejected by the Constitutional Council, however.
The new legislation prompted fears it would severely limit civil liberties. Human Rights Watch, which has been vocally opposing the legislation since it was first introduced, hailed the ruling as a “welcome respite from France’s rush to adopt restrictive counterterrorism measures at the cost of rights and freedoms.” According to the rights group, the amendments introduced to the bill were purely cosmetic and did not change its nature.
The looming threat of terrorist attacks make it worth sacrificing certain liberties for the sake of safety, the bill's proponents argue.
In September 2016, before the original bill’s defeat, David Pagerie from the western city of Angers was sentenced to two years in jail after police discovered during a raid that he was regularly consulting pro-Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) websites. Pagerie was previously put on the fiche “S” list, the designation used for monitoring potential terrorists. The court later replaced his jail term with house arrest. In February he was released, but sentenced to six months on other charges.
France has witnessed some of the deadliest terrorist attacks in Europe in recent years. More than 200 people have been killed since early 2015 by assailants who have pledged allegiance to, or been inspired by, Islamic State. In a series of coordinated attacks in Paris on November 13, 2015 alone, 130 people were killed by IS terrorists. On Bastille Day in July 2016, a truck was driven into crowds of people celebrating in Nice, killing 86 and injuring over 450.
In October this year, the French parliament approved a new controversial anti-terrorism law which made permanent parts of the two-year state of emergency enacted after the 2015 attacks. That bill caused a severe backlash over its potential to limit civil liberties. French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb justified it by warning that “nobody is safe” and France “is still in a state of war.”