Russian media urge UN, OSCE, UNESCO to protect journalists in Ukraine
Disturbed by intensified assaults and intimidation of journalists in Ukraine, their detentions and deportations, the heads of all Russia's major TV corporations, including RT, have called on human rights organizations to “defend the professional rights of journalists working in Ukraine.”
“Ukraine’s Donetsk, Lugansk, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk and other regions are witnessing the ruthless suppression of civil liberties on a daily basis. Journalists are being threatened with their lives if they continue to report from Ukraine,” the letter reads, signed by the heads of All-Russia State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (VGTRK), NTV, REN TV, Channel 5, RT and News Media.
“The new Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly taken illegal actions barring our staff journalists covering the Ukraine crisis from performing their professional duties and violating their human dignity,” the letter says.
In the latest incident on Friday morning, Lifenews journalists Julia Shustraya and Mikhail Pudovkin, were detained and later deported to Russia. The crew was abducted by armed Ukraine Security Service members, after they filmed an interview with one of the leaders of the pro-federalization movement in Ukraine.
“[Journalists] are being watched, their phone conversations wiretapped. There were cases when journalists were forced to get down on their knees, beaten during detention and illegally deported from Ukraine,” the joint address to UN, OSCE and UNESCO reads.
The plea states that as a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Ukraine must follow requirements of Declaration on Mass Communication Media and Human Rights, thereby “public authorities must make available information on matters of public interest and that the mass communication media must give complete and general information on public affairs.”
Furthermore article 9 of the Declaration prescribes that “special measures are necessary to ensure the freedom of foreign correspondents in order to permit the public to receive accurate information from abroad,” including “protection from arbitrary expulsion.”
The letter also states that Russian news crews working in Ukraine do not violate any existing laws, and that in case they are “barred from reporting from Ukraine, the civil rights of people from around the world to receive information will be violated.”
Ukraine has a bad track record on freedom of the press, with 139 violations against the press and 51 attacks registered by the Committee to Protect Journalist (CPJ), last year, including the period of protests on Maidan. But attacks on the press has intensified after the February coup.
“Journalists should not be treated as pawns during this crisis and should be allowed to report freely,” CPJ Europe and Central Asia Program Coordinator Nina Ognianova said, following the deportation of Lifenews staff. “We call on all sides to stop treating those who try to report on the crisis as enemies,” she added, calling for the release of Sergey Lefter, a reporter for the Warsaw-based Open Dialogue Foundation, who went missing last week.
Just as international delegations met in Geneva last week to negotiate a roadmap for the peaceful solution to the Ukranian crisis, two unidentified men attacked Yevgeny Polozhy, editor-in-chief of the independent news website Panorama, in the northern city of Sumy. Polozhy was allegedly beaten and hospitalized with a broken skull and other bodily injuries.
On Thursday, Ukraine’s Security Service reported that a producer working for Russia’s NTV channel, Belorussian national Stepan Chirich, was detained in the city of Pershotravensk in the Dnepropetrovsk region. Chirich remains in custody, after being accused of bringing an undeclared video camera into Ukraine. A Ukrainian cameraman from the city of Lugansk who accompanied Chirich also remains under arrest.
The men were detained by Ukraine's "Dnepr" unit on Wednesday when they were filming administrative buildings on hidden cameras. Both are being investigated under the article that forbids the use of “special technical means of obtaining information.”
On Monday, Simon Ostrovsky, a journalist for the New York-based Vice News, was detained by self-defense forces in Slavyansk. After being detained for three days and questioned, Ostrovsky was released Thursday. Alongside Ostrovsky, Yevgeny Gapich, a journalist who was working on a story for the Ukrainian newspaper Reporter was also released.
Last Sunday anti-government activists in eastern Ukraine’s protester-held town of Slavyansk detained prominent pro-Maidan activist Irma Krat. She rejected accusations that she was acting as a spy for the Kiev authorities, saying she was in the Donetsk region in her capacity as a journalist.
On Tuesday, reports surfaced that unknown assailants threw Molotov cocktails at the newsroom of the local newspaper Provintsiya in the town of Konstantinovka, in Donetsk region.
The Russian Foreign Ministry on Friday urged the OSCE to react “to mass repressions of media workers” that come amid the military operations launched by the Kiev regime in the southeast of Ukraine.
Konstantin Dolgov, the Russian Foreign Ministry’s commissioner for human rights, in his Twitter voiced concerned over the crackdown on freedom of speech in Ukraine.
“Detentions of undesirable journalists by Ukrainian authorities and radicals - violation of freedom of speech and the media. Where is the reaction from Western "human rights" watchdogs?” he tweeted. Accusing the West of “double standards", Dolgov tweeted that “basic human rights are sacrificed in the information war.”
OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, Dunja Mijatović meanwhile stated that the organization is “very concerned” by repeated attacks on journalists, saying that “journalists must be allowed to report freely and their safety ensured by all those in charge.”