Banks paid $100 bn in US fines for ‘pre-crisis mistakes’
Most recently, Credit Suisse paid $885 million to the Federal Housing Finance Agency, bringing the total fines paid by global institutions to $99.5 billion, the Financial Times study found. 2013 brought in over half, or $52 billion to the US treasury.
In comparison the combined earnings of the 6 major US banks such as JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America, Citigroup, Wells Fargo, Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs accounted for $76 billion in the same year.
The prosecutions were considered by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and surrounded the mortgage repurchases from Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
The penalty sum varied depending on the scale of bank activity, from the biggest JP Morgan paying a record sum of $13 billion, to fines as low as $1 million.
However some critics say even huge fines paid by individual banks can hardly impact on institutions with the capacity to easily absorb such penalties
“The fines can be viewed as [a] ‘cost of doing business’,” the Financial Times quotes Anat Admati from Stanford University. “They don’t get at the heart of the problem, and aren’t effective to change behavior, because the strong incentives of individuals within the banks to keep engaging in the same practices remain in place.”
Anyway, the large fines reflects a substantial shift in US political attitudes towards banks, signaling that those responsible for the financial crisis would not go unpunished.
With a number of large banks still under investigation, the legal costs could rise further.