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20 Oct, 2021 06:29

Lack of ‘basic firefighting knowledge,’ failed drills & poor leadership blamed for loss of US Navy warship to five-day fire

Lack of ‘basic firefighting knowledge,’ failed drills & poor leadership blamed for loss of US Navy warship to five-day fire

The loss of a US Navy ship to a massive blaze was “a completely avoidable catastrophe,” but management lapses on multiple levels, including the failure to activate a firefighting system, made the task impossible, a report claims.

Some three dozen officers aboard the USS ‘Bonhomme Richard’ were named as responsible for the loss of the ship, which caught fire near a San Diego naval base in July 2020, according to a 400-page investigation report obtained by the Associated Press on Tuesday. While one particular sailor, Seaman Apprentice Ryan Mays, was charged earlier this year for initially starting the conflagration, the report alleges that the vessel could still have been salvaged if not for the commanders and the crew’s lack of basic training and skills.

“Although the fire was started by an act of arson, the ship was lost due to an inability to extinguish the fire,” the report said, as quoted by the AP. It concluded that “repeated failures” by an “inadequately prepared crew” led to an “ineffective fire response.”

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The report, prepared by Vice Admiral Scott Conn, outlined major lapses in training and preparedness, poor communication and coordination between personnel, bad equipment maintenance and broader breakdowns in the overall command-and-control structure on the vessel. 

For instance, the investigators found that while the ship was fitted with a firefighting foam system that could have slowed the spread of the fire, no one on board was aware of how to put the system into operation, that is to push a certain button. 

“No member of the crew interviewed considered this action or had specific knowledge as to the location of the button or its function,” the report said. Even if the sailors had prior knowledge of the intricate mechanism, it’s not clear if they succeeded in stopping the flames. The report claims that about 87% of all fire stations on board were plagued by equipment issues or had not been inspected at all.

Specifically, the ship’s three top officers were held responsible for the inadequate emergency response, including commanding officer Gregory Thoroman, executive officer Michael Ray and Command Master Chief Jose Hernandez. The report said the three did not ensure readiness for such an event, and kept the ship in poor condition.

“The execution of his duties created an environment of poor training, maintenance and operational standards that directly led to the loss of the ship,” the report said of Thoroman in particular, though it faulted other higher-ups for a “a pattern of failed drills, minimal crew participation” and “an absence of basic knowledge on firefighting” among the sailors on board.

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The failure to contain the blaze in some areas of the ship led to temperatures in excess of 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit (649C), hot enough to melt metal into liquid, which was seen to have flowed into other parts of the vessel after the fire was finally extinguished several days later.

The fire broke out last year as the vessel was at port in San Diego for a $250 million upgrade slated to take two years to accomplish. Of about 115 sailors on board, around 60 were treated for minor injuries, such as heat exhaustion and smoke inhalation. 

Due to massive damage sustained in the disaster, the ship was decommissioned in April. In the hope of avoiding similar incidents going forward, the navy vowed to expand emergency response teams on board warships and established a new fire safety assessment program, part of which involves random inspections. Since the ‘Bonhomme Richard’ went up in flames, some 170 such inspections have already been carried out, the navy said.

The USS ‘Bonhomme Richard’ was among the nine big-deck amphibious assault ships in the US inventory, capable of carrying multiple helicopters, rotary aircraft or up to six VTOL [Vertical Take-Off and Landing] jets. The vessel spent years with the US forces in Japan before being transferred to San Diego in 2018 for its upcoming overhaul.

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