Human Rights Act abolition would shield soldiers from abuse claims
A draft of the documents, obtained by the Sunday Times, reveals that under the new bill it would be impossible to take soldiers to court for actions undertaken during combat overseas. The provisions of the bill would only apply domestically.
“This should help to mitigate the impact of judicial legislation in this area and the consequent persistent human rights claims against our armed forces and the [Ministry of Defence],” the document reads.
Legal challenges against members of the armed forces serving in Iraq and Afghanistan are estimated to have cost taxpayers over £85 million (US$128 million).
Seeking a crackdown on the “human rights industry,” the Ministry of Justice believes fear of legal action may prevent the armed forces from doing their job. Critics of the act believe it undermines British sovereignty by forcing UK courts to take Strasbourg’s rulings into account, and brings about abuse by facilitating a “courtroom compensation culture.”
The leaked documents outline plans to ensure that only cases which fulfill “a certain degree of seriousness” go to court.
The proposals are also designed to accord more protection to journalists, with an explicit “freedom of expression” provision, according to the Sunday Times.
Under the new bill, UK judges are to look to British common law, as well as rulings of Australian and Canadian courts when making judgements. The bill would also restrict pay outs that individuals can win from public bodies, such as the Ministry of Defence (MoD) or the National Health Service (NHS), though ministers have indicated that there would be no absolute cap.
A consultation document is expected to be published in the next month, with the bill being finalized sometime next spring. The documents suggest the UK will remain a signatory to the Convention but will not be “automatically bound” by its rules.
Meanwhile, a report by Reuters has found a rise in the use of the Human Rights Act in legal disputes over the last few years, jumping from 410 in 2012-13 to 428 in 2013-14. The number of cases peaked at 714 in 2001-2, the year after Tony Blair’s government brought the law into force.