Arctic military force & coastal security system created as Putin approves state policy for key region
The document, entitled Fundamentals of the Russian state policy in the Arctic, confirmed that Russia has already created a conventional forces grouping and a coastal security system there.
Their main task during the 15 upcoming years will be to prevent the use of military power against Russia. To deter any aggression, the capabilities of the Arctic forces will be further enhanced.
Air, water and underwater surveillance systems will also be upgraded as part of plans to repair and build new military infrastructure in the region.
The challenges faced by the country include military buildup by some regional players, attempts to revise key international treaties on economic operations in the area, and efforts to discredit Russia's activities in the Arctic.
The paper insists that everything must be done to ensure that the Arctic remains "a territory of peace, stable and mutually beneficial partnerships."Also on rt.com Ticket to the modern Klondike: How New Delhi could get the keys to the Russian Arctic
Another key national interest in the region is the further development of the Russian Arctic zone as a strategic resource base. Its rational use is expected to facilitate the economic growth and increase the commercial viability of the Northern Sea Route, going along the Russian Arctic coast from the Kara Sea all the way to the Bering Strait.
The program must also ensure that the economic activities aren't executed at the expense of the environment, while protecting the lifestyle of the indigenous people in the Arctic.
Russia has been heavily investing in the exploration and development of the Arctic in recent years as other regional players — Canada, Denmark, Norway, and the US — are also looking to lay their claim in the area, due to its rich natural resources and strategic geographical position.
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