NATO ‘security guarantees’ do not apply to partner Israel – Stoltenberg
NATO is not obliged to come to the rescue should a hypothetical war break out between Iran and Israel, Jens Stoltenberg has told Germany’s Der Spiegel, amid increased tensions between the bitter Middle East rivals.
“Israel is our partner, but not a member of NATO. The security guarantee of Article 5 does not apply to Israel,” Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Jens Stoltenberg told the magazine. Article 5 of NATO’s treaty stipulates that an attack against one ally is considered as an attack against all allies, but it does not apply to those designated only as “partners” of the alliance.
Stoltenberg added that the alliance is not involved in Mideast peace efforts, or in conflicts in the region. “This is not our job,” he stressed, somehow overlooking that, just last year, NATO formally joined the US-led coalition against IS (Islamic State, formerly ISIS/ISIL) terrorists in Iraq and Syria.
Were such a hypothetical war to break out, it also remains an open question if the US will rush to defend its closest regional ally, as Washington and Tel Aviv do not have a formal mutual defense treaty, despite a new milestone in bilateral relations being reached when the US recognized Jerusalem as the Israeli capital and moved its embassy there.
“We are all equally concerned about Iran's missile program and its activities leading to instability in the region, for example the support of terrorist groups,” Stoltenberg added, reiterating the generic accusations regularly pressed against Iran, and on which basis Washington continues to introduce fresh rounds of sanctions on Tehran.
While the existential rivals Israel and Iran never engaged in a direct military conflict, they are locked in a vicious political struggle and in proxy confrontations. Being the most vocal critic of the 2015 international nuclear deal with Iran, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu was influential in convincing US President Donald Trump to unilaterally withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
“The Iran agreement continues,” Stoltenberg had to agree, given the fact that the US was just one party to the complex, UN-backed deal – involving the UK, Russia, France, China, Germany and the EU – none of which supported Washington’s reckless move. “The question is, can it work without the US? The impact of US sanctions on European companies will be huge in any case.”
With the agreement scrapped, US State Secretary Mike Pompeo laid out a list of 12 “basic requirements” for Iran. The demands, among other things, call on Iran to withdraw from Syria, to stop “enrichment” of uranium and to undertake never to process plutonium, which are the key points that bother Israel. Tel Aviv believes a potentially nuclear-armed Iran poses an existential threat, and has claimed that Iranian-backed forces involved in the Syrian war are seeking to establish a permanent presence along its northern border.
“We will continue to act against [Iran's] intention to establish a military presence in Syria opposite us, not just opposite the Golan Heights but anywhere in Syria,” Netanyahu stressed earlier this week.
Tehran, in turn, promised to retaliate against Israel at a time and a place that it sees fit, with the Chief of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces, Major General Mohammad Baqeri, warning of a “firm and crushing response” against any aggression.
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