Holocaust bill row: Angry Israel calls off visit by Polish security chief
Israel asked to suspend the planned visit by the head of the Polish National Security Council, the Israeli Foreign Ministry said in a statement on Thursday. The Polish official, Pawel Soloch, was scheduled to head to Israel on February 4, and among other things visit the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial.
Tel Aviv says the decision is due to a bill passed by the Polish Senate, which outlaws blaming Poles for the atrocities committed by the Nazis on Polish territory during World War II. The legislation, which was championed by the Polish ruling right-wing Law and Justice Party (PiS), in particular bans the term "Polish death camps," which refers to the Nazi concentration camps built on Polish soil. It also says that those implying that Poles were complicit in Nazi crimes during World War II could be sentenced to up to three years in jail.
The bill, which now requires the signature of the Polish president, Andrzej Duda, was condemned by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as a “distortion of the truth, the rewriting of history and the denial of the Holocaust.”
Israeli Ambassador to Poland Anna Azari said that Tel Aviv sees the legislation as “creating a possibility of punishment for Holocaust survivors’ testimony.” She also denounced the bill as “revolting” in a speech on January 27 that marked the 73rd anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, and which came a day after the lower house of the Polish parliament approved the legislation. In response, Poland’s Institute of National Remembrance (IPN), a state research entity, accused the Israeli embassy in Poland of “inappropriate interference.”
On February 1, a group of Israeli MPs and party leaders proposed an amendment to the existing national Holocaust denial law that would outlaw efforts to diminish cooperation with Nazis. Those behind the amendment particularly accused Poland of attempts to shun responsibility “for the deaths of millions of Jews in the Holocaust.”
In the meantime, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki seemingly tried to defuse tensions by saying that Poland does not intend to limit freedom of speech when it comes to the Holocaust. “We understand the emotions in Israel. A lot of work is needed for us to be able to tell, together, our shared and often complicated history,” he said on Thursday, as cited by Radio Poland.