NATO, Syria & Ukraine in ‘post fake’ world: Munich Security Conference highlights & memorable quotes
NATO’s future & relations with Russia
Russia is ready to work together with NATO, but its expansion has led to an “unprecedented level of tension” in Europe, the Russian FM Sergey Lavrov told the conference. Moscow is open for political dialogue and diplomacy but believes it does not make any sense without military cooperation. NATO, however, has not shown a readiness for such cooperation.
The US seemingly tried to reassure its allies, alarmed by Donald Trump’s campaign statements on the alliance being “obsolete.” America “strongly supports NATO” and is fully committed to this transatlantic alliance, the US Vice President Pence said at the conference. “As you keep faith with us, under President Trump we will always keep faith with you,” he added, reiterating, the demand, however, that allies to pay their “fair share” of 2 percent of GDP to maintain NATO.
“When even one ally fails to do their part, it undermines all of our ability to come to each other’s aid,” Pence stated, clearly implying that failure to increase spending was not an option for NATO nations.
As long as the EU and NATO “complement and not compete with each other,” the future of the “transatlantic bond” is quite bright, NATO’s SG Jens Stoltenberg said, since the EU and US desire to be “strong” does not mean they should be “alone.”
Germany and France however, did not seem to be entirely reassured by Pence’s speech. “I don’t know where Germany can find billions of euros to boost defense spending if politicians also want to lower taxes,” Germany’s FM Sigmar Gabriel said, while his French counterpart, posted quite a salty tweet that Pence didn’t say “a word on the EU.”
Syrian conflict & reconciliation process
High-ranking diplomats involved in efforts to end the Syrian conflict have acknowledged the crucial role of Russia. The Astana talks is an important milestone in the reconciliation process, as the Syrian government and rebels met for the very first time at a negotiating table instead of the battlefield. And while not being an alternative to the upcoming Geneva negotiations, it should be viewed as a valuable supplement, the UN special envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura believes.
The UN representative also said the “not-so-secret” Russian-Turkish meetings helped avert the worst case scenario in the battle of Aleppo and saved tens of thousands of civilian lives.
The new ceasefire, brokered by Russia, Iran, and Turkey is “holding better” than the previous one since these countries have actual influence on the ground in Syria.
Previous efforts, undertaken by Russia and the US, failed since Washington didn’t have such influence, US special presidential envoy for the US-led coalition against IS, Brett McGurk, conceded, stating that “we became a bit of a Ping-Pong ball to try and control the situation.”
Through info-wars into ‘post-fake’ world
The modern world lives in a “post-truth period” which can only be overcome through an old-school “justice and modesty” approach, Russia’s FM Sergey Lavrov believes. Only “honest work without lies and fake news” is the way to “resist hysterical information wars imposed on the international community."
Not everyone, unfortunately, shares the approach of the Russian FM, since the narrative of a “Russian threat,” “Russian hacks” and other baseless allegations have repeatedly emerged during the Munich conference. US Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC), for example, has warned France and Germany to wake up referring to their upcoming elections, since the “Russians were coming after you.” The Senator then promised Lavrov “some consequences” and vowed to “kick Russia in the ass in Congress.”
Renewed Ukraine ceasefire
Russian, French, Ukrainian and German diplomats have reached a new agreement on a ceasefire in Ukraine starting February 20. “We have actively supported this decision and obviously expressed a conviction that this time, failure should not be allowed,” the Russian FM Sergey Lavrov said afterward.
The diplomats reiterated the importance of the Normandy format and said there was no need to include new parties, referring to the US. The Minsk deal is perceived to be the only way to untangle the conflict, and “Russians and Ukrainians” have “no other option but to respect” it, the French FM Jean-Marc Ayrault said.
Lavrov noted that the lack of progress in the reconciliation process should not be blamed solely on Russia, as the other parties are equally responsible too.
President Vladimir Putin's decree acknowledging passports and other documents of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk Republics was announced during the conference “out of humanitarian concerns,” leading to a hysterical reaction from Ukrainian officials.
President Petro Poroshenko called it “yet another” proof of “Russia's violation of international law” and claimed the rogue republics to be an “occupied territory.” The decree, however, is motivated not by political, but humanitarian considerations and it would remain in place “until the Minsk agreements are fulfilled.”