Record $1bn payout expected as Russian regulator pulls plug on ‘dubious’ bank
Massive money laundering
operations and shady aсcounting prompted the regulator to
withdraw the license, part of a larger
overhaul to close down corrupt banks in Russia.
The withdrawal of Master Bank's license means
that its estimated $1.5 billion (47.4 billion rubles) in
private funds are now frozen, with Russia’s Deposit Insurance
Agency promising to pay out $917 million (30 billion rubles)
to bank customers by December 4.
Under Russia’s deposit insurance system, each customer is insured
up to $21,800 by the state. In the case a bank collapses, the
government pays these sums out to insured customers.
Master Bank customers are not the only ones left without cash.
Master Bank provides card and payroll services to hundreds of
banks. BFG Credit, a large payroll bank, is experiencing
technical glitches with their automated tellers.
headquarters are currently being raided for evidence of illegal
banking operations, Interfax reported, citing the Russian
Illegal banking activity
The Interior Ministry Investigative Department received a warrant to probe the “illegal banking activity”, Interfax reported.
Master Bank is suspected of
siphoning money through shadow banks and lenders which pocketed
up to 7 percent off each transaction, the ministry said.
In November 2012, the Tver court of Moscow put two ex-Master Bank employees under house arrest on charges of illegally cashing $61 million (2 billion rubles). Andrey Orlov and Igor Babicheva were accused of setting up phony shell companies, illegally transferring cash, and charging between 3-7 percent in excess commission.
In October 2012, the former vice president of the company Evgeny Rogachev was arrested.
Russian President Vladimir Putin’s cousin, Igor Putin, is a member of the board of Master Bank and was formerly vice president.
"Officers of the Interior Ministry's Main Economic Security and Anti-Corruption Department assisted by the Economic Security Service of the Federal Security Service are searching the Master Bank central office in Moscow," Interfax reported.
"The search warrant was issued with the purpose of investigating the criminal case opened by the Interior Ministry's Investigative Department on the counts of "illegal banking activity" against members of an organized group suspected of illegally cashing over 2 billion rubles ($61 million)," the ministry reported.
A new era
"We were forced to take this extreme measure," Bank chief
Elvira Nabiullina said on Wednesday in front of the lower
In a massive bank "stress test", Nabiullina has fiercely gone after banks with suspected "dubious" activity since she assumed the Chairmanship of the Central Bank in June.
Master Bank is the 17th bank to lose its license under her
tenure. So far in 2013, 23 banks have had their licenses revoked,
the same number as in 2012.
"Master Bank has long been suspected of being
involved in illegal cash dealings, but before the arrival of the
new leadership in the Central Bank of Russia, no one touched
it," Maxim Osadchy, head of analytics at BKF said.
The bank has roughly $2.35 billion (75.2 billion rubles) in assets, according to Interfax rankings. In the third quarter of 2013, the bank held $1.5 billion (47.4 billion rubles) in private funds.
The bank joined Russia's deposit insurance system on December 16,
2004. The bank was founded in 1992 and has over 2,000 employees
at 115 branches across the Russian Federation.
According to its website, which is currently not
working, the bank holds roughly $104 million in capital.
Master Bank is Russia’s 72nd largest bank in terms of assets, and 41st biggest in terms of retail accounts and deposits.