‘Total, complete shutdown’: Trump promises ban on Muslim immigration to US

U.S. Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump © Randall Hill
Republican presidential frontrunner Donald Trump called for a “total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States” on Monday. Reactions ranged from outrage to speechlessness.

Additionally, Trump clarified that even American Muslims abroad would fall under his proposed plan. When The Hill asked whether Muslim-Americans would be included, Trump spokeswoman Hope Hicks replied by email, "Mr. Trump says, ‘everyone’."

There was more demagoguery than detail in the Trump policy announcement. Without referring to how the plan would work, the statement did briefly imply when the travel ban would be lifted, saying it would continue "until our country's representatives can figure out what is going on."

Anti-Washington, DC rhetoric is part and parcel of Trump’s campaign, but Monday’s announcement spent more time on "great hatred towards Americans by large segments of the Muslim population.”

“Until we are able to determine and understand this problem and the dangerous threat it poses, our country cannot be the victims of horrendous attacks by people that believe only in Jihad, and have no sense of reason or respect for human life,” he said.

To back his claim that Muslim immigration is dangerous, Trump cited the Center for Security Policy, a think-tank founded by Frank Gaffney, a former Pentagon staffer under President Ronald Reagan who has been shunned by both conservative and liberal groups for anti-Muslim conspiracy theories. A survey by the center found 51 percent of American Muslims agreed they "should have the choice of being governed according to Shariah," which, like other religious codes of law, is interpreted in vastly different ways, especially in the US. Trump’s statement says Shariah "authorizes such atrocities as" murder for non-believers, beheadings, "and more unthinkable acts."

After citing polling data, Trump said, "Without looking at the various polling data, it is obvious to anybody the hatred is beyond comprehension. Where this hatred comes from and why we will have to determine.”

Dave Weigel of The Washington Post tweeted that Ibrahim Hooper, National Communications Director for the Council on American–Islamic Relations, responded, "Where is there left for him to go? Are we talking internment camps? Are we talking the final solution?"

Last week, following the domestic terrorism attack in San Bernardino, California, Trump referred to the event as an “Islamic disaster.” One of the attackers, Tashfeen Malik, had come to the US on a K-1 “fiance visa” to marry the other attacker, Syed Farook. Together with the Syrian refugee crisis and the attack in Paris last month, fears over terrorism are more heightened. A post-Paris attack Washington Post-ABC News poll found that 83 percent of registered voters believe a terrorist attack in the US is likely, up from 73 percent in a pre-Paris attack Quinnipiac University poll.

In September, the Public Religion Research Institute found that 56 percent of Americans believe “the values of Islam are at odds with American values and way of life,” which is up from 47 percent in 2011.

Overshadowed by Trump’s proposal are other restrictive plans on immigration put forward by fellow Republican candidates Senators Ted Cruz (Texas) and Rand Paul (Kentucky). Cruz noted refugees from "territory substantially controlled by a foreign terrorist organization," would not be permitted, and Paul’s bill similarly prohibits refugees from countries with "significant jihadist movements.”

The rest of Trump’s main 2016 competition responded either with criticism or a highlight of their own preferred policy.

"This is the kind of thing that people say when they have no experience and don't know what they're talking about,” New Jersey Governor Chris Christie told talk radio host Michael Medved following Trump’s announcement.

"Everyone visiting our country should register and be monitored during their stay as is done in many countries. I do not and would not advocate being selective on one's religion," Dr. Ben Carson told Fox Business.

“Donald Trump is unhinged,” Jeb Bush tweeted. “His ‘policy’ proposals are not serious.”

On the Democratic side, presidential candidate Martin O’Malley tweeted that Trump “removes all doubt: he is running for President as a fascist demagogue.”

Senator Bernie Sanders (Vermont) tweeted, “The US is a strong nation when we stand together. We are weak when we allow racism and xenophobia to divide us.”

“This is reprehensible, prejudiced and divisive,” Hillary Clinton tweeted, addressing Trump, “you don't get it. This makes us less safe.”