Space exploration today is astronomical research mostly using unmanned space probes and human spaceflight. Space exploration is undertaken both by government and the private sector, by companies like Space-X, NASA, Roscosmos, etc.
India has showcased a ‘female’ robot that it will send into orbit in preparation for its first manned space missions. The humanoid, named Vyommitra, will also assist Indian astronauts when they make their first flight.
The European Space Agency (ESA) has fired up its prototype oxygen plant to begin producing the element out of simulated moondust, with a view to creating a sustainable breathable air production facility on the Moon.
Sending humans to Mars isn't as far-fetched as it might sound, Russian cosmonaut Sergey Ryazansky told RT, noting that a joint mission to the Red Planet would serve as a unifying triumph for people of all nations.