Canadian govt dilemma on Saudi arms deal – ‘awful lot of money vs. risk of rights violations’
Ottawa is investigating allegations Saudi Arabia used armored vehicles made in Canada against civilians in the Shia dominated town of Awamiya.
The suspected incident has sparked fresh calls from human rights activists for Canada to review its $15 billion arms deal with the kingdom.
Saudi Arabia was ranked among the top destinations for Canadian arms exports in 2016; the military purchases were worth Can$142 million.
Thomas Woodley, President of Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East (CJPME) said the allegations Riyadh used Canadian-made vehicles in Awamiya did not come as a surprise.
“Like many human rights organizations in Canada, we weren’t surprised at all. About a year ago last summer there were reports from Saudi Arabia, there were videos of similar vehicles being used against the civilians in Saudi Arabia, and it was by chance that it didn’t happen to be Canadian vehicles. So the fact that it was Canadian vehicles this time comes as no surprise because obviously the Saudis have bought Canadian arms,” he told RT.
The vehicles allegedly used by Saudis in the violent crackdown in Awamiya, shown in a video footage that circulated on social media, are reportedly not part of Ottawa’s contract, but a deal with Canadian company Terradyne Armored Vehicles.
Woodley argues that “it really doesn’t matter whether or not it is the same manufacturer or the different manufacture of the same deal.”
“Canada’s export control laws, the actual criteria by which the sales should be approved or not approved is whether there is a reasonable risk the arms being sold could be used in humans rights violations. Canada doesn’t have to sell vehicles and then have Saudi Arabia use them in human rights abuses for then to close the deal, there simply has to be reasonable risk. So the fact that other Canadian vehicles are being used in human rights violations in Saudi Arabia - that is sufficient evidence to demonstrate there is reasonable risk the current equipment being sold to Saudi Arabia would also be used,” he explained.
According to the rights activist, if there is such a risk, Canada shouldn’t proceed with the deal.
However, financial interests often prevail over human rights concerns, the activist said.
“This is the challenge of governments around the world. On the one hand, there’s a lot of money they could make. $15 billion is an awful lot a lot of money; it is an awful lot of Canadian jobs. On the other hand, what’s being sold to Saudi Arabia is something that can lead to the death of civilians. So this is a tough question obviously for elected leaders around the West, and in different countries, they take different courses.”
Thomas Woodley says he hopes the Canadian government will “review this deal and make the right decision.”
According to the activist, the CJPME and several other human rights organizations in Canada tried very hard to get the Justin Trudeau government to abandon the deal last year, but they chose not to.
“The current government has made, in my opinion, the wrong decision again and again and justified it in a number of the different ways. In one case they said: “The decision is out of our hands, the previous government already made it,” and that turned out not to be true. Then they said: “Look, we can’t go back on this deal. Our deal signed…”If that is the case then why doesn’t the Trudeau government say that to Donald Trump, when he talks about renegotiating NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement. These agreements can be renegotiated at any time, or whenever any party serious about it…”
The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT.