Prison crowding puts squeeze on tough love
Prisons in England and Wales have never been fuller.
Nearly 87,000 inmates are jammed in – a record high, and just 1,500 short of maximum operational capacity.
Now the government’s hardline response to the recent riots across England means those spaces are disappearing fast.
“We’re now looking at literally what we can pack into the sardine tin. And I think that is very unwise. And we may well see the disturbances on the streets simply transferred to the prisons,” warns Andrew Neilson from The Howard League for Penal Reform.
Almost 1,000 rioters are in custody so far – and there are plenty more to come.
The police are aiming to charge 3,000, with 70% of those being put behind bars.
At this rate, there will be no space left.
Like most prisons in Britain, Wandsworth was at bursting point even before the riots – just 45 people short of its maximum capacity of 1,665. And that is already 50% more than its recommended limit.
Two out of three prisons currently exceed their certified safe limit.
Inmates double up in cells smaller than nine square meters, sharing an open toilet.
Most prisons are in desperate need of upgrade. Wandsworth was built in the Victorian period.
Time has literally stood still.
But nothing escapes austerity there – especially when it costs 45,000 pounds a year to house an inmate.
A prison building scheme has been reversed despite prisoner numbers doubling in the last two decades.
Staff are now outnumbered four-to-one.
”The amount of staff has actually only fractionally increased by a couple of per cent,” Steve Gillan, Secretary-General of the Prison Officers’ Association told RT. “But we’re expected to do the same job of rehabilitation in such difficult circumstances. And in effect what you actually do is you just warehouse prisoners. And I don’t think that’s the answer to society’s problems.”
But the government thinks it is, and is continuing to encourage tough sentences to deter more rioters.
Like Anderson Fernandes, who got 16 months for stealing just two scoops of ice cream.
But others fear that with the cramped conditions, this will only fuel re-offending.
“If you send people to prison, all of the evidence suggests, it is not by any means the most effective way of reducing re-offending,” thinks Graham Beech from NACRO crime reduction charity. “We know certainly that with young people, and people on short-term prison sentences, up to 70% of people re-offend within 12 months of coming out. Now that cannot be a good use of resources and there have to be better ways of doing that.”
The Prison Service insists it has “enough prison places for those being sentenced to custody as a result of public disorder,” adding, “there is substantial capacity in the prison system.”
But the numbers suggest otherwise – pushing an already stretched system to breaking point.