‘Grave concern’: France, Germany, and UK condemn Iran’s uranium metal production as ‘key step’ in building nukes
On Wednesday, the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) confirmed that Iran had manufactured 3.6g of uranium metal at its fuel-plate fabrication plant in the central city of Isfahan.
The so-called E3 group of European states expressed “grave concern” at the move, which they said violated the 2015 nuclear deal, and urged Iran to immediately cease its nuclear development activities.
“Iran has no credible civilian justification for these activities, which are a key step in the development of a nuclear weapon,” the statement read.
The Western trio said Iran’s activities “undermined” ongoing efforts to return to the nuclear deal – a prospect that has been raised by both Tehran and US President Joe Biden in recent weeks.Also on rt.com Iranian FM warns Biden the ‘window for cooperation is closing rapidly,’ as Tehran threatens to deviate further from nuclear pact
Iran's Foreign Minister Javad Zarif hit back at the statement, asking if the E3 countries had “ever read” paragraph 36 of the JCPOA, which covers dispute resolution and the ways Iran and other signatories may exit the deal.
“By what logic is the onus on IRAN to stop its remedial measures undertaken a full year after the US withdrew from—and continues to violate—the JCPOA? What have E3 done to fulfill their duties?” Zarif said in a tweet on Friday.
Wednesday’s report, seen by Reuters, and a previous one, said Iran planned to carry out research on making uranium metal using natural uranium before moving on to creating uranium metal enriched to 20 percent – the level it has now reached.
This is 70 percent short of that considered weapons-grade.
Have our E3 partners ever read para 36 of JCPOA & Iran's many letters on that basis?By what logic is the onus on IRAN to stop its remedial measures undertaken a full year after the US withdrew from—and continues to violate—the JCPOA?What have E3 done to fulfill their duties?— Javad Zarif (@JZarif) February 12, 2021
Iran plans to enrich its uranium metal only to the current level, rather than the 90-percent grade that would be necessary for developing weapons, according to Reuters, citing Wednesday’s IAEA report and the nuclear watchdog’s previous findings.
Tehran began breaching its commitments under the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) after former US President Donald Trump withdrew the US from the accord in 2018.
This withdrawal was actioned despite watchdogs saying at the time that Iran was in compliance.
The US nonetheless launched a “maximum pressure” campaign of sanctions against the country.Also on rt.com US rhetoric might have changed, but there’s no ‘goodwill’ from the Biden administration, says Iran’s Rouhani
Following reports of Iran’s uranium-metal production, Zarif said on Thursday it was the Biden administration that needed to comply with the JCPOA.
“US ceased participation in May 2018, violated JCPOA and punished those complying with UN resolution,” he said in a tweet.
“As of today, US remains in EXACTLY same position. Before spouting off, COMPLY.”
Biden has said the US will return to the JCPOA only if Iran demonstrates compliance with the accord, but Tehran has called on Washington to first provide sanctions relief before it makes changes to its nuclear program.
Under the JCPOA, the US and European signatories agreed to provide sanctions relief to Iran in exchange for the country limiting its nuclear activities, including keeping uranium enrichment below the 3.67 percent level.
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