‘Entirely defensive in nature’? US greenlights supply of lethal arms to Ukraine
“The United States has decided to provide Ukraine enhanced defensive capabilities as part of our effort to help Ukraine build its long-term defense capacity, to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and to deter further aggression,” State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said in a statement, insisting that that American military assistance to Kiev will be “entirely defensive in nature.”
Earlier reports suggested the new level of American support will allow Ukraine to obtain anti-tank missiles, possibly including the US-made portable Javelin system, long-sought by Kiev. The total “defense package” will amount to $47 million and also covers the sale of 210 anti-tank missiles and 35 launchers, ABC reported.
The state department did not specify what kind of weapons Kiev will receive, neither confirming nor denying the reports, but emphasized that Washington “remains committed to the Minsk agreements as the way forward in eastern Ukraine.”
Earlier this week, the Trump administration reportedly approved a $41.5 million package of Model M107A1 sniper systems to Kiev. Russia has criticized the move. The state department pointed out that approving the “commercial export” of lethal arms was “nothing new,” because Washington has repeatedly allowed US arms manufacturers to sell weapons to Kiev “under the previous two administrations.”
“This [lethal weapon supply] will once again motivate loose cannons among those nationalists who are solely seeking to switch over to a use-of-force method to settle the situation in Donbass, an absolutely dead-end technique, which would unleash bloodshed again,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Thursday.
The US authorized $350 million in military aid to Ukraine under National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 2018 which Trump signed into law earlier this month. Russia may take the issue of lethal weapon sales to Ukraine to the UN Security Council, the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma’s Defense Committee, Yuri Schvytkin said.
Ever since the launch of the so-called Anti-Terrorist Operation in Eastern Ukraine in 2014, Kiev has repeatedly appealed to Washington for support in the form of lethal weaponry. Congress authorized the export of lethal weapons to Ukraine back then, but Barack Obama was reluctant to supply the arms, apparently fearing an outbreak of a larger-scale conflict. During his visit to the US and meeting with Trump in June, Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko once again stepped up his calls for American weapons.
Since the 2014 coup, Kiev has been looking for military means to preserve the the status quo, while the international community, especially Moscow, has been urging Ukraine to abide by the Minsk Agreements. The deal between Kiev and the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics – brokered by the leaders of France, Germany and Russia in February 2015 – remains the only viable roadmap to achieve peace in Ukraine.
Amongst the list of measures, the 13-step memorandum obliges Kiev to implement comprehensive constitutional reforms which would decentralize the Ukrainian political system and give more freedoms to the Donetsk and Lugansk regions. Ukrainian authorities also pledged to extend amnesty, lift the economic blockade and restore social payments in the breakaway regions. Kiev, however, continues to challenge the order of steps outlined in the agreement, and insists that the border with Russia – the rebellious regions' main lifeline – be transferred under its control first. Ukraine's military also routinely violates the ceasefire agreement despite the agreed pullout of heavy weapons.