Dutch MPs refuse to give up on ratification of EU-Ukraine deal despite no vote at referendum
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte’s ruling party narrowly defeated a motion brought by the opposition Socialist Party, which called for overturning a law approving the controversial association agreement between the EU and Ukraine.
Seventy-five lawmakers voted against the Socialists’ initiative, with 71 in favor. To secure the tiny majority, the government gained the support of independent MPs Roland van Vliet and Johan Stonemasons, De Telegraaf newspaper reported.
The agreement focuses on a trade deal between Ukraine and the EU which would open their markets to each other and remove tariffs on goods. Notably, the agreement also mentions an enhancement in defense cooperation, which many believe could mark the beginning of a low-key integration of Ukraine into Western military structures.
For the treaty to come into full legal force, it must be adopted by all 28 European Union member states.
The Netherlands is the last EU country yet to ratify the pact with Kiev. It is also the only one where it was opposed by grassroots opposition, which successfully mounted a campaign to force the Dutch government to allow the people weigh on the agreement in a non-binding referendum.
On April 6 more than 4.1 million Dutch citizens, accounting for about 32 percent of some 12.8 million eligible voters, cast their ballots and rejected the agreement, with a resounding 61 percent saying “No” to closer ties with Kiev.
Tuesday’s parliamentary vote is likely to give Rutte more time to deal with mounting pressure from the country’s opposition as well as Brussels.
Rutte said earlier that in light of the referendum results the government could not proceed with ratifying the deal, which has already been approved by the 27 other EU countries and already provisionally entered into force. The EU Commission said it was up to Dutch leaders to reflect on the vote and suggest a way forward. However, Brussels has continued to push the pact on Holland, despite the referendum results.
“It may look as if we’re ignoring the Dutch voters, but we have to keep our word to Ukraine, which has met the conditions,” a senior EU source told Reuters earlier in April.
Professor Kees van der Pijl of the University of Sussex told RT that the Dutch government never expected that the people would reject the deal.
“They obviously feel they’re making a very bad impression in Europe. Don’t forget that at the moment Holland is having rotating chairmanship of the EU. Also, the Dutch never intended to disrupt integrating Ukraine into the Western line against Russia, and that is really the bottom line here.”
The apparent dismissal of the will of the Dutch people can be explained by “the widening gap between the [Dutch] political elite and the large mass of the population,” van der Pijl said, adding that the vote’s intent “was to restore some direct influence on the government’s policies.”
He also noted that the No-campaigners had championed removal of the political paragraphs from the agreement, “which line up Ukraine with the Western defense setup … in fact, an integration into NATO.”
Some referendum critics have tried to downplay the results. “A referendum is not an appropriate instrument to solve complex issues in a parliamentary democracy,” Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn told Hannoversche Allgemeine newspaper earlier in April.
“If you want to make Europe collapse, you only need to hold more referendums,” he concluded.