Pope Francis under fire for ‘concessions’ to Protestants after asking for forgiveness, common prayer
The Vatican announced on Monday that Pope Francis will be visiting the southern Swedish city of Lund on October 31. The city is known as the place where the Lutheran World Federation was founded in 1947. The pope will be joining the congregation for a joint service with Lutherans that will begin Reformation commemorations that will continue into 2017.
Martin Luther, a German and a Protestant theologian, helped launch the Reformation in Germany in the 1517. He is credited for writing 95 theses that criticize the Catholic Church for putting a monetary price on forgiveness. This led to a major division in Western Christianity as well as the 30 Years’ War.
Earlier last week, the Pope asked “forgiveness for the un-gospel like behavior by Catholics towards Christians of other Churches” during his speech at the annual vespers service in St. Paul’s Basilica in Rome. The event was also attended by members of other religions.
“We cannot undo what was done in the past, but we don’t want to allow the weight of past sins to pollute our relationships,” he said. “The mercy of God will renew our relations.”
Pope Francis also called on Catholics to forgive anyone who has persecuted them in the past.
While the head of the Catholic Church has already been heavily criticized for his openness towards other religions, Pope Francis’ attempts to blur lines and embrace dialogue have reached new highs lately. He was spotted visiting the Lutheran Church of Rome, as well as Rome’s synagogue and the Waldensian protestant community in northern Italy. Moreover, the pope is planning his first-ever visit to a mosque in Rome.
The issue that has stirred the most controversy, however, could be Francis’ perceived concessions to Lutherans, including the “common prayer.”
Earlier in January, top representatives from the Catholic and Lutheran churches released a joint press statement saying that a “common prayer” will be used in services for next year’s 500th anniversary of the Protestant reformation.
Traditionalist blog, Rorate Caeli, published critiques of Pope Francis’ stance on common prayer, adding that they were filled with “Protestant material” and “one-sided praise for the reformation.”
“The reformation and Martin Luther are repeatedly extolled, while the counter-reformation and the popes and saints of the 16th century are passed over in total silence,” the blog said. “The overwhelming emphasis in this service is on what supposedly unites Catholics and Lutherans, while the doctrines that ‘divide’ us – doctrines for which innumerable Catholic martyrs and confessors suffered, bled, fought and died – are left unmentioned and abandoned.”
According to the press statement, the common prayer will be used during the pope’s visit to Sweden.
Francis has also been attacked for vaguely suggesting that it was permissable for a Lutheran woman married to a Catholic to take communion in a Catholic church. While the Roman Catholic Church and Lutherans established a theological dialogue in the late 1960s, official rules have prevented Catholics and Lutherans from accepting communion at each other’s services.