End of 'Israeli occupation'? Arabs support Palestinian draft UN resolution
The Palestinian draft resolution on statehood could come up for a
vote at the Security Council on Tuesday or Wednesday.
Jordanian UN Ambassador Dina Kawar told reporters on Monday that all 22 Arab delegations approved of the Palestinian proposal. She said the Jordanians and Palestinians would be trying "to find the best way and the best timing to vote on the Security Council resolution."
The Palestinian draft resolution was formally presented to the council on December 17. It proposes that Israel and the Palestinians return to the territorial boundaries that existed before Israel got hold of the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip in the 1967 Middle East War. It also calls for a third-party presence to help oversee Israel's withdrawal and guarantee Palestinian sovereignty.
Israel, which withdrew troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip in 2005, argues that its eastern border would be endangered if it withdrew completely from the West Bank. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said he expected the "responsible members" of the international community to oppose the resolution. However, several European parliaments have recently adopted non-binding motions calling for the recognition of Palestine. Ireland, the UK, France, Spain and Sweden were among them.
Netanyahu pledged on Monday that if the international community did not reject the Palestinian proposal, then Israel would.
“Israel will oppose conditions that will endanger our future," he said.
The US has also rejected the proposal on the grounds that it
allegedly failed to address Israel's security needs.
"We think it sets arbitrary deadlines for reaching a peace agreement and for Israel's withdrawal from the West Bank, and those are more likely to curtail useful negotiations than to bring them to a successful conclusion," US State Department spokesman Jeff Rathke told a news briefing on Monday.
As many as nine Security Council votes are needed to adopt a resolution, which would then force the United States, a permanent member of the council, to decide whether or not to veto it. A US veto could add fuel to the fire, however, enraging Arab allies, including those in an alliance with America to carry out airstrikes against the Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) militant group in Syria.
Diplomats say it's unlikely that the resolution would gather nine votes under the current makeup of the council. So it's unclear if the Palestinians would seek an immediate vote this week or prefer to wait till January 1, when five new members with pro-Palestinian views join the Security Council. Angola, Malaysia, New Zealand, Spain and Venezuela begin their two-year stint in the council, replacing Argentina, Australia, Luxembourg, South Korea and Rwanda.
Discussions on the draft resolution come amid surge in violence
and failure to return to peace talks. Tensions escalated after
US-brokered talks on Palestinian statehood failed in April.
On Monday Israeli troops shot dead a 17-year-old Palestinian boy who was throwing stones at drivers in the occupied West Bank near the northern city of Nablus. Israeli forces said they had fired warning shots into the air before resorting to live fire.
Nearly 20 Palestinians have been killed by the Israeli Army in
the West Bank since June, according to AFP.
The Palestinian Authority has warned that if the joint effort to win support for a UN resolution comes to nothing, it would join the International Criminal Court to file suits against Israel.
"If the Arab-Palestinian initiative submitted to the Security Council to put an end to occupation doesn't pass, we will be forced to take the necessary political and legal decisions," Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas said last week.
"If it fails, we will no longer deal with the Israeli government, which will then be forced to assume its responsibilities as an occupier," he warned.