Excavation of 14,000-yo mammoth reveals new information on ancient humans (VIDEO, PHOTOS)
Mexico's National Museum of Anthropology (INAH) say the bones of the prehistoric mammoth were discovered by chance in December 2015, during construction work near the town of Tultepec, approximately 40km north of Mexico City.
Since the discovery, archaeologists have been painstakingly preserving the fossilized bones. Crucially, the mammoth was found cut up into pieces, which may indicate that prehistoric humans lived in Mexico 14,000 years ago.
“We see the bones are mixed up; they are not in anatomical order,” Luis Cordoba, the archaeologist who is leading the project, told CNN Espanol.
“So analyzing them, you can reach the conclusion that it was partially cut up by hunters and gatherers at the time.”
“The discovery in Tultepec is important because it indirectly supports the presence of humans 14,000 years ago,” he concluded.
Testing has revealed that the mammoth was between 20 and 25 years old when it died. It is estimated to have weighed five tonnes and was 3.5 meters (11.5 feet) tall and five meters (16.5 feet) long. It belonged to the Columbian mammoth sub-species that roamed Central and North America.
Following restoration, the remains are expected to be put on public display, though the fragility of the bones means the process has to be carried out with great care.
“We are talking about 14,000 years ago so it is a very considerable period of time. The effect [on the bones] over such a period is that the bones are very sensitive,” assistant archaeologist Felipe Munos said.
It was long believed that wooly mammoths were hunted into extinction by humans, but recent evidence suggests that the huge creatures were wiped out after the last ice age, as rising temperatures melted away their habitat.