US demands another war-crimes probe in Ukraine
The US is pushing members of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to launch another fact-finding mission aimed at digging up and ultimately prosecuting alleged Russian war crimes.
Washington itself refuses to cooperate with the International Criminal Court and voted against its adoption in 1998. Two years ago, Washington sanctioned members of the body involved in investigating alleged crimes against humanity committed by its military in Afghanistan.
“We’re getting ready to deploy another fact-finding mission precisely to look at evidence of war crimes and possible crimes against humanity because I think we’re getting to that level now,” the US ambassador to the OSCE, Michael Carpenter, told Defense One on Thursday.
The long-time aide to President Joe Biden described the proposed mission as a “small team of experts,” in contrast to the first OSCE deployment in Ukraine, which began in March 2014 and officially expired at the end of March 2022. The largest mission in OSCE history, it involved as many as 814 international and 477 local staff who produced around 2,400 daily reports over the course of their deployment.
However, according to Moscow, what was supposed to be a fact-finding mission, tasked with recording violations of the Minsk accords in the Donbass region, metastasized into an intelligence-gathering operation working in the interests of Ukraine and its NATO backers. The OSCE worked to cover up Ukrainian atrocities and even stayed silent as Ukrainian troops used its official vehicles, Russian officials alleged.
The Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics both opted to ban OSCE monitors from their territories from April 30, pending the investigation of espionage allegations against the organization’s members.
Ukraine and its NATO backers have repeatedly accused Russia of war crimes since the invasion in February, specifically citing the supposed targeting of civilian structures like hospitals and apartment buildings. Meanwhile, Moscow has countered that Ukrainian troops are setting up their own military positions within civilian structures and using the inhabitants as human shields while forbidding them from leaving areas under fire despite the opening of humanitarian corridors.
The second OSCE probe, launched in March, was accused of being a whitewash by Russian sources for echoing Kiev’s accusations regarding the alleged targeting of civilians in Mariupol. While no members of the organization involved in the investigation actually visited Ukraine, it used information from open-source intelligence gatherers, human rights groups, and NGOs instead, despite the obvious potential for bias.
Russia attacked the neighboring state in late February, following Ukraine’s failure to implement the terms of the Minsk agreements, first signed in 2014, and Moscow’s eventual recognition of the Donbass republics of Donetsk and Lugansk. The German- and French-brokered protocols were designed to give the breakaway regions special status within the Ukrainian state.
The Kremlin has since demanded that Ukraine officially declare itself a neutral country that will never join the US-led NATO military bloc. Kiev insists the Russian offensive was completely unprovoked and has denied claims it was planning to retake the two republics by force.