‘Astana peace talks: Syrian govt & armed opposition at same table breakthrough’
What is the importance of such a breakthrough meeting? The first result is having those both the main sides in the Syrian conflict sitting together.
Talks between the Syrian government and opposition are taking place in Astana, Kazakhstan, as part of an initiative led by Russia, Turkey, and Iran. Major armed group Jaysh al-Islam is also involved in the negotiations.
According to political analyst Marwa Osman, the Syrian government and the armed opposition groups participating in the talks “is a breakthrough.”
“The act of having them at the same table – that was a real new breakthrough, it was a huge deal, it was a huge result. This was the result of the meeting that we are now witnessing in Astana. The other thing is that we didn’t really know what groups would be there, who the leaders would be. And then we saw at the table the leader of Jaysh al-Islam [Abdullah] Mohammed Alloush himself. That was also another breakthrough,” she told RT.
Just bringing these “main bickering sides” of the Syrian conflict to the negotiating table is already a result, the analyst said.
“And then there is the actual talking behind closed doors,” Osman said. She explained that before the gathering many of the “attendees – whether it is Iranians, or the Russians, or the Turks – were a bit unsure” whether the Syrian government and the opposition would be meeting face-to-face.
The analyst also suggested that now that the participants of the talks are known – that mainly refers to the armed opposition groups – “a fracture within the so-called mercenaries, or the opposition groups inside Syrian territory working against the Syrian Arab army” cannot be ruled out.
“This will divide them; this will be a fractional point of division and a point of future bickering between them,” she added. “We might see them on the ground battling after such a meeting.”
For the first time, the opposition delegation in Astana also includes field commanders from the militant groups, as opposed to political representatives. That – according to Osman – offers a much better prospect for the negotiations compared to previous Syria peace talks, including those in Geneva.
She explains: “We saw political representatives who always ask the same question: “Do they have an actual say in what is going on the ground? Do they have an influence toward the people, the groups, the armed opposition that is functioning on the ground in the battlefield inside of Syria?” That was the main question, and the answer was always: “No.” It was only people wearing suits, having talks, saying whatever they want in front of the media, in front of their backers – whether they are Gulf backers or Western backers in the face of the Syrian government. And always nothing happens...”
‘Turkey’s participation – smart diplomatic step by Russia’
The Syria peace talks in Astana is the first chance of making some real progress from the situation during the UN-led talks in Geneva, or Vienna, or elsewhere, says Middle East affairs expert Ali Rizk.
Rizk said there is a significance in Turkey taking part in the meeting as it has a “big influence” on Syrian opposition groups.
“Turkey has a big stake in making these talks successful. So I do to see some positive developments in Astana. Everybody has an interest in making this process positive,” Rizk told RT.
Commenting on the representation of armed groups at the talks, he said it is needed “if you want to solve the problem.”
“Previously the political figures of the opposition had no influence on the ground in any way whatsoever. The commanders of the armed groups didn’t receive orders or refused to receive orders from those politicians living in exile, who say that they represent the opposition when indeed they don’t represent these armed groups – I don’t know who actually represents them. Some of them have close ties with Turkey,” Rizk said.
In Rizk’s opinion, having Ankara participating in the talks “is a very smart” diplomatic step taken by Moscow.
“Vladimir Putin realized that if you really want to reach a solution, you have to have Turkey involved. It was kind of a bargain: involve Turkey and make some concessions. For example, we saw one of the Turkish officials – Deputy Prime Minister [Mehmet Simsek] in Davos saying that we can no longer insist that President Bashar Assad steps down. At the same time Turkey got one benefit, which was that the YPG, the Kurdish units are not represented,” the expert said.
Russia had invited the US to the gathering, but Washington decided against sending a delegation to the Kazakh capital citing “the presidential inauguration and the immediate demands of the transition.” The US is represented at the Astana talks by the American Ambassador to Kazakhstan.
It’s now “difficult to say” what action the Trump administration can take in terms of Syria.
“Trump has expressed his interest in cooperating with Russia in Syria. At the same time, as you well know, Trump and his team are very hostile toward Iran. So I think if Trump finds that cooperation with Russia would strengthen Iran, I am not sure he would go ahead and fulfill his promises of cooperating with the Russians. We still have to see. Trump himself is very unpredictable person. You don’t know what steps he might take,” Ali Rizk said.
The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT.