Gas and peace: Egypt cuts off gas supply to Israel
Egypt’s Natural Gas Holding Company announced the termination of the contract on Sunday, citing violations of contractual obligations. It denied the move was political.
The company’s head Mohamed Shoeb said Israel has not paid for its gas in four months.
"This has nothing to do with anything outside of the commercial relations."
The Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman played down the scandal, telling Israel Radio on Monday, "We're following what's happening in Egypt and hope that everything will work out for the best."
He reiterated that Israel has every desire to uphold the peace accords with Egypt. Lieberman also added that Egyptians share that interest.
There was a more tough reaction from Israeli officials with some of them warning that the cut off diminishes the peace treaty between the two countries.
"This is a dangerous precedent that overshadows the peace agreements and the peaceful atmosphere between Israel and Egypt," Israeli Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz said.
Opposition head Shaul Mofaz called the move “blatant infringement of the peace treaty,” saying it puts the ties between the two countries at their lowest level since the 1979 peace treaty was signed, the Jerusalem Post reports.
Haaretz daily suggests that the announcement could have been intended to pressure Israel into calling off the lawsuit for compensation of US$8 billion over Egypt’s failure to provide gas as promised.
The move by Egypt also comes following a string of cross-border attacks at gas pipelines following the last year’s uprising.
The 2005 deal, negotiated during the rule of Hosni Mubarak, has come under heavy criticism from Egyptians who view it as a symbol of close ties the ousted leader forged with Israel.
Critics claim that Israel got the gas at below-market prices and that Mubarak cronies gained huge profits from the deal, costing Egypt millions of dollars in lost revenue.
“This is very serious indeed, and we could be witnessing the beginnings of what could be a war in the Middle East against Zionism. That kind of rhetoric hasn’t been used from either side for decades. People across the Arab world are cheering today,” British journalist Afshin Rattansi told RT.
But other journalists believe the move isn’t political at all.
“There’s been a rare note of harmony between Cairo and Jerusalem on this matter,” Orin Kessler, the Arab affairs correspondent for the Jerusalem Post told RT. “The relations between the two countries have been very strained for the past 14 months since President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster. But today both governments are saying that this is purely a business dispute, this is not a political dispute”.
Kessler did note, however, that media in both countries view their governments’ claims with suspicion and believe the move is more of a political gesture.