European dependence on Russian gas

Russia’s daily gas supply to Europe is estimated to be about 300 million cubic metres, with 80 percent of the flow being transited through Ukraine.

Countries totally dependent on Russian gas include Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovakia, Slovenia and Moldova, as well as the Baltic states.

The table below shows the volume of Russia’s daily gas supplies to Europe:

Germany – 96 million cubic metres
Italy – 60.5 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Turkey – 75 million cubic metres
France – 27.4 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Hungary – 38 million cubic metres
Great Britain – 23.8 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Poland – 21 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Czech Republic – 18 million cubic metres
Austria – 11 million cubic metres
Romania – 15 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Greece – 7.4 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Bulgaria – 9,7 million cubic metres
Serbia – 10 million cubic metres
Macedonia – 0.3 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Croatia – 3 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Belgium – 8.8 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
The Netherlands – 12.9 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Switzerland – 1.1 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Finland – 13.4 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Bosnia and Herzegovina – 1.1 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Slovenia – 1.9 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Slovakia – 19 million cubic metres (as of 2006)
Moldova – 3.8 million cubic metres

In addition, the dependence of some countries on Russian gas reaches almost 100%:

Germany – 37%
Italy – 25%
Turkey – 60%
France – 16%
Hungary – 65%
Poland – 40%
Czech Republic – 75%
Austria – 51%
Greece – 90%
Bulgaria – 92%
Serbia – 85%

The daily amount of the so-called 'process gas' necessary to deliver Russian gas to Europe through Ukraine's transit routes is estimated at about 21 million cubic metres.