Annan calls out Syrian govt amidst post-ceasefire violence (PHOTOS)
Syrian state media have reported a roadside bomb, which killed one army officer and wounded at least 24 other cadets and officers in Syria’s largest city Aleppo.
Syrian authorities accused “terrorists” of being behind the attack.
"At eight in the morning a terrorist group targeted a bus carrying a number of officers driving to work in Aleppo," Reuters cites Syrian state media as saying.
A member of President Bashar al-Assad's Baath party was also reportedly killed in a drive-by shooting in the city of Deraa following the ceasefire, the Syrian news agency SANA reported.
Local coordinating committees in turn have claimed Syrian forced opened fire on protesters outside the parliament building in Damascus, Al Arabiya reports. They say 37 people have been killed in army gunfire across the country since the ceasefire was implemented.
Despite the isolated reports of violence, UN-Arab League envoy Kofi Annan said the ceasefire “appears to be holding.” However, he told the UN Security Council that Syria is not fully complying with his truce terms, the US envoy to the United Nations has confirmed. Diplomats at the closed door meeting said Annan had implored the Security Council to demand that Syrian President Bashar Assad withdrawal his troops and heavy artillery from cities and towns.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon also told a news conference in Geneva "as of this moment, the situation looks calmer." Ban said the onus remains on the Syrian government to observe the ceasefire, which he described as "fragile."
The UN chief said he had begun work with the Security Council to send an observer team as soon as possible, saying the international community must remain unified to keep Syria from descending into chaos.
Russia’s UN envoy Vitaly Churkin said the Security Council could adopt a resolution that would allow the deployment of an advance monitor group to Syria as early as Friday. He said Russia would participate in the monitoring mission, Interfax reports.
Syria’s ambassador to the UN said Damascus would agree to accept the mission as soon as the Security Council adopts a corresponding resolution. He also said Syria had become a victim of both “media terrorism” and “political terrorism.”
Meanwhile, Syria’s interior ministry called on those rebel fighters “'who do not have blood on their hands” to surrender.
The call for gunmen to turn themselves in followed an official interior ministry statement on state television asking all Syrians who had been forced to flee their homes because of the conflict to return.
The wreckage of a bus which was transporting soldiers is pictured in Aleppo city, northern of Syria, April 12, 2012. (Reuters / Khaled Al Hariri)
Opposition calls for protests following ceasefire
The head of the opposition group the Syrian National Council, Burhan Ghalioun appealed to Syrians to “demonstrate and express themselves,” insisting the right to protest is “the principle point” of Kofi Annan’s peace plan.
He urged the international community to provide Syrians with protection by sending observers to monitor the situation.
However, it will take time for the UN to respond to the request.
Fighting came to a standstill at 03:00 GMT on Thursday morning, following opposition reports of an escalation of violence. UN spokesman Ahmad Fawsi says the Assad regime reserves “the right to respond proportionately to any attacks.”
The Syrian Defense Ministry announced the ceasefire on state television on Wednesday, but neglected to mention the withdrawal of regime troops from urban areas stipulated in envoy Kofi Annan's six-point peace plan.
Syria’s government stated that it had begun the gradual pullout of its forces from “certain provinces” on Tuesday.
Opposition activists however say they have seen no sign of tanks or security forces withdrawing from urban centers.
A handout picture released by the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) shows the blood-stained interior of a damaged bus which SANA said was targeted by an explosive device in Syria's second largest city Aleppo on April 12, 2012. (AFP Photo / HO / SANA)
Doubts persist amid fragile truce
The international community has doubted the Assad regime’s commitment to maintaining the ceasefire.
US Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice said the government’s promise to halt violence had “little or no credibility.”
"The burden remains squarely on the Syrian regime and not the opposition in the first instance to meet its obligations in full and visibly under the Annan plan," Rice told reporters on Thursday.
Russia, which has defended the Assad’s regime’s legitimacy on the international stage, urged the Syrian opposition to follow suit and keep to the ceasefire. Foreign minister Sergey Lavrov said Moscow was holding talks with the opposition to push for a truce, but emphasized “some of our international partners tell them different things and prevent the opposition from making any concessions – this is wrong.”
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is due to meet with Sergey Lavrov this Thursday at a G8 foreign ministers’ summit in Washington, where the Syrian conflict is expected to take center stage.
Kofi Annan will also brief the UN Security Council on his assessment of the situation.
Adel Samara, a Ramallah-based political analyst described the ceasefire as a waiting game in which both sides are poised to see who will fire first.
“We have to wait 24 hours to judge whether it is a real ceasefire,” he told RT.
If the ceasefire holds, he added, opposition representatives to conduct negotiations with Assad should come from “inside Syria.”
The UN estimates 9,000 people have been killed since the anti-Assad uprising began in March of last year.
A handout picture released by the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) shows Syrian army officers lying at a military hospital after being wounded in a bus which SANA said was targeted by an explosive device in Syria's second largest city Aleppo on April 12, 2012. (AFP Photo / HO / SANA)