A sense of history repeating itself

Warplanes resumed bombing raids on targets across Lebanon, the tenth day of armed conflict between Israel and militant group Hezbollah.

Israel warned hundreds of thousands to leave south Lebanon immediately, reports suggesting a ground invasion. Lebanon’s government said more than 300 civilians had died since the conflict began.

Current violence is evoking memories of the 1982 Israel-Lebanese war. At that time, Israel launched a massive military invasion into Lebanon, triggered by an assassination attempt on Israel's ambassador to the UK by Palestinian militants. The Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO), based in Lebanon, began attacking Israel's northern border. Israel retaliated by wiping out Palestinian military bases, pushing on to Beirut.

The PLO was forced out of the country, but a new breed of militant emerged. Israel's 1982 invasion acted as a catalyst for the creation of Hezbollah. This replaced the PLO in south Lebanon, launching a war against Israel and its allies. Israel's withdrawal of troops in the year 2000 was considered by some Lebanese as a victory for Hezbollah, the militant group seeing itself as champion of the anti-Israel struggle.

Abduction of two Israeli soldiers eight days ago triggered the current conflict. Israel has defended its strikes by claiming it is cleansing the country of a “foreign body” – as it did in 1982. Israel says it will continue its offensive until Hezbollah militants are routed, pledging that “if the soldiers are not returned, we will turn Lebanon's clock back 20 years.”

The cycle of violence continues. The United Nations says a robust international security force is the answer. But analysts say the UN force in south Lebanon since 1978 proved powerless to stem the fighting in 1982. Instead, they say European contingents became pawns in the fighting, involved in what was seen at the time as proxy attacks by Syrian and Iranian-backed groups. Analysts add that history is ringing alarm bells and peacekeepers should tread carefully not to repeat mistakes of the past.