Russia & Saudi Arabia say de-escalation zones in Syria an important step forward – Lavrov
The final details for the fourth de-escalation zone in Syria, which would include Idlib Governorate, may be finalized during the upcoming Astana talks on September 14-15, the Russian foreign minister said.
There are currently three zones of de-escalation in effect in Syria. The one in the south of Syria was negotiated with Jordan and the US. Two others were established in eastern Ghouta and Homs.
“The next meeting in Astana will happen next week, and I hope the agreements on the parameters of the fourth zone in Idlib will be formalized there,” Lavrov said.
His Saudi counterpart, Adel al-Jubeir, who was hosting Lavrov in the Saudi city of Jeddah, expressed support for Russia’s peace efforts in Syria, saying the two countries have a common goal in ultimately resolving the conflict through peace talks in Geneva.
The so-called de-escalation zones are part of a plan to curb violence in Syria forwarded by Russia, Turkey, and Iran. They are a temporary measure meant to pave the way for peace talks and a resolution to the six-year armed conflict in Syria.
“This is not a permanent measure and nobody among those who supported the creation of those zones has an intention to keep them forever, and in effect, create some kind of enclaves in the Syrian territory for years to come,” Lavrov said.
“The agreement is for them to be in effect for six months. The result is evident even now. The ceasefire holds overall,” he added. “The goal of the zones is to spread throughout all of Syria the ceasefire regime.”
Lavrov praised Saudi Arabia’s work on forming a unified delegation of Syrian opposition groups, which would represent political opponents of the government in Damascus in peace talks.
“We actively support the effort of our Saudi partners in unifying different groups of the opposition – Riyadh, Moscow, Cairo – and creating a single negotiating team for talks in Geneva,” he said.
The violence in Syria seems to be toning down as Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) is losing its last pockets of territory. Earlier this week, the Syrian Army supported by the Russian Air Force broke through the siege of Deir ez-Zor, the capital of the eponymous governorate in the east.
The predominantly Kurdish militias, with the help of the US-led coalition, are continuing their siege of Raqqa, the city claimed as capital by IS, which has lost roughly half of its Syrian territory since June, according to the Russian Defense Ministry.
The two ministers also discussed the ongoing conflict between a bloc of Arab countries and Qatar. Lavrov said the Gulf nations should resolve their differences and restore the unity of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which is necessary in solving regional problems.
The hosting minister said Riyadh wanted Doha to demonstrate a serious attitude to the issues which triggered the stand-off.
“Qatar knows exactly what it needs to do. We want a clear position from Qatar and a serious approach to resolving the crisis. We want it to implement the principles, which all nations of the world agree to: no funding of terrorism, no support for extremists, no dissemination of hatred and no interference in sovereign affairs,” Adel al-Jubeir told the conference.
Saudi Arabia and its allies in the conflict – the UAE, Egypt, and Bahrain – severed diplomatic ties with Qatar in early June over a list of grievances. Qatar rejects the accusations of sponsoring terrorism and says it will not alter its policies under foreign pressure.