Turkey meets less than half of visa-free EU travel terms as deadline approaches – official
The chance at visa-free entry into Europe for Turkish citizens is being offered in return for Ankara's vow to take back all illegal immigrants who cross into Greece from Turkey.
Marta Cygan, a director in the European Commission's Migration and Home Affairs unit, told the European Parliament on Thursday that Turkey has now satisfied 35 of the 72 conditions entirely or almost entirely.
"The Turkish authorities have definitely been accelerating the implementation of administrative and legal reforms allowing them to fulfill the requirements," she told lawmakers, as quoted by Reuters.
The country has until April 30 to meet the necessary requirements, which include sharing more information on fraudulent documents used to travel to the EU, issuing biometric passports, and granting access to its labor market and other services to non-Syrian refugees seeking shelter in the country.
The country's backlog of around 140,000 asylum applications must also be reduced, and Ankara must establish an independent body to monitor rights abuses by law enforcement and government authorities.
Turkey must also lift visa requirements on Cyprus, which it does not recognize as an independent state.
The European Commission is scheduled to report on May 4 whether Turkey has met the benchmarks for visa-free travel.
The deal between Ankara and the EU went into effect on March 21. Under the agreement, illegal migrants reaching Greece from Turkey are returned. In exchange, the EU agreed to take thousands of Syrian refugees directly from Turkey.
The EU has also agreed to grant Turks the ability to travel to the bloc visa-free, if the specified conditions are met, as well as accelerate Ankara's bid for EU membership. It pledged to provide US$3.3 billion to help Turkey deal with refugees, along with a possible further $3.3 billion provision in 2018.
Arrivals of migrants and refugees to Greece have dropped since the agreement went into force. However, Ankara has threatened to terminate the deal if it is not granted visa-free travel to the EU in June.
The European refugee crisis has placed serious strain on the EU, and the deal is seen as a way to alleviate a significant portion of the pressure. Over a million asylum seekers arrived to the continent in 2015, mostly from Syria, where a civil war has killed 250,000 people and displaced more than 12 million since 2011, according to UN figures.
But although the EU seems eager to keep the deal intact, the agreement has been highly criticized by human rights groups, which have questioned whether Turkey is a safe place for migrants to be returned to. That skepticism was strengthened after Amnesty International revealed that Turkey has returned thousands of Syrian refugees to the war-torn country since mid-January.