US ambassador urges ‘elimination of graft & corruption,’ ‘meaningful steps to reform’ in Ukraine
Pyatt set out the conditions while speaking at Ukraine Defense and Security Forum. He said that he was glad to see a large number of US defense industry representatives there, but warned Kiev that these companies would be good partners if they “see that the government sticks to the path of reform, that you uphold your IMF commitments, that the government continues to make progress on the critical topic of rule-of-law reform.”
“Ukraine has said that it wants to become a major defense exporter. I know that is possible, given the extraordinary capabilities that I have seen the Ukrainian industry demonstrate,” Pyatt noted at the 2016 Ukraine Defense and Security Forum in Kiev on Thursday.
“But it can only happen if Ukraine continues to press ahead on critical reforms, tackles corruption, and works to meet NATO standards. This will require a paradigm shift in Ukraine’s defense industry, and a move away from a mindset of state-owned enterprises. And, most importantly, the elimination of graft and corruption.”
According to the ambassador, since 2014 Washington has provided $266 million in security and defense-related assistance to Ukraine. “This year, we expect to provide an additional $335 million in training and equipment to our Ukrainian partners,” Pyatt said, adding that this new assistance, will help expand US military training in Ukraine and “deliver needed military equipment to improve Ukraine’s defensive capabilities on the front lines.”
US Vice President Joe Biden said in a speech delivered to the Ukrainian parliament in December that Kiev must do more in terms of fighting corruption which “eats Ukraine like cancer.” If there's no control of corruption in Ukraine, financial help is out of the question, he warned. “Corruption siphons off resources. We know this. You know this,” Biden told Ukrainian MPs. On the first day of his visit, the US official assured Kiev of US support and announced the allocation of an additional $190 million from the US budget to help conduct structural reforms in Ukraine and fight corruption.
Earlier this month Ukraine’s minister for economic development and trade, Aivaras Abromavicius, one of several foreign experts in the government brought in to help Kiev with reforms, announced his resignation, citing corruption levels in the state. “Neither me, nor my team have any desire to serve as a cover-up for the covert corruption, or become puppets for those who, very much like the ‘old’ government, are trying to exercise control over the flow of public funds,” Abromavicius said in his official statement.
Abromavicius’s resignation has worried a number of Ukraine’s international partners. A joint statement by ambassadors from the US, UK, EU and other countries said that diplomats were “deeply disappointed,” as the minister and his team “have made important strides, implementing tough but necessary economic reforms to help stabilize Ukraine’s economy, root out endemic corruption, bring Ukraine into compliance with its IMF [International Monetary Fund] program obligations.”
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) may suspend Ukraine’s $17.5 billion bailout program, if Kiev does not implement promised reforms. “Without a substantial new effort to invigorate governance reforms and fight corruption, it’s hard to see how the IMF-supported program can continue and be successful,” IMF chief Christine Lagarde said in a statement earlier this month. Slowing down the reforms process may cost Kiev the $40 billion deal with the IMF, EU and the US, which championed the aid expecting changes in the country, according to Reuters.