US sees need to build bridges with Russia – Lavrov
“Honestly speaking, the US Secretary of State John Kerry’s visit to Sochi, probably de-facto showed Washington’s understanding that our countries should eventually build bridges and end this unsuccessful period in our relations, which benefits neither us nor the Americans, nor the rest of the world,” said Lavrov.
Kerry met for high level talks with President Vladimir Putin and Lavrov at the Russian Black sea resort city on May 12 marking the first visit by a senior US official to Russia since the Ukrainian conflict broke out in 2014.
In an interview with Russian media on Friday, Lavrov said that he cannot agree with the frequent comparisons of current Russian-US relations to those which were between the two countries during the Cold War era.
“We have no objective ideological confrontation, which would set the conditions to return to something like the Cold War,” he said. “There are serious problems concerning approaches used by our Western colleagues which stayed the same as they were during the era of their unequivocal dominance which lasted for many centuries, though the world has changed.”
Lavrov said that Moscow does not prioritize US-Russian relations, because of the US policy of control.
“Ensuring everybody’s accord that world problems can be solved neither single-handedly nor only by two sides is the most important thing for us.”
During the Sochi talks Putin and Kerry discussed the fight against terrorism - a global issue that should be addressed “without double standards.”
Lavrov placed emphasis upon the Islamic state militants who have seized vast territories in Syria and Iraq, while their supporters have retained locations in certain regions in Libya, Afghanistan. There have been confrontations between IS militants and government forces on the Syrian-Lebanese border. He added that in Yemen only Al-Qaeda - the rival of the IS militants - benefited from the airstrikes.
“It’s all relative, because the militants flow from one organization into another depending on how much they get paid and other factors,” he said urging to use complex analysis and fight terrorism “not concentrating on one country but taking into account what is happening nearby.”
‘US refuses to cooperate with Syrian govt to fight IS’
The US has been conducting airstrikes in Iraq since August 2014 under Iraqi government’s consent. The airstrikes against IS in Syria ongoing since September 2014 have been carried out without approval from the legitimate Syrian government, which is a “flagrant violation of international law”, Lavrov said.
“I asked US Secretary John Kerry the reason why [the US] didn’t take the legal way – to receive a mandate for the coalition to get the approval of the Syrian and Iraqi government forces in their fight against IS - in the situation where the Syrian government is the objective ally in the fight against Islamic State,” he said
“The answer was very interesting. I was told: ‘You know, we don’t consider the Syrian regime as a legitimate partner’.”
Lavrov reminded that in 2014 the Syrian government under President Bashar Assad was considered legitimate during the cooperation concerning the successful destruction of Syrian chemical weapons. Lavrov called the refusal to cooperate with the Syrian government “short-sighted.”
He urged to see “a single enemy and common threats refrain from conjecturally adjusting to one’s preferences in regard to a particular regime or country.”
“Such double standards have been always characteristic for Americans,” he added.
‘West sees Kiev’s unwillingness to follow Minsk peace deal’
Regarding the Ukrainian crisis Lavrov said that some Western states have come to an understanding that Kiev authorities “are the main obstacle to the implementation of Minsk agreements.”
The Minsk deal stated that there should be consultations between Kiev and Donetsk and Lugansk authorities to prepare for local elections which are to be held under the Ukrainian law.
“However such consultation have not been launched,” Lavrov pointed out.
He added that Kiev’s demands for the Organization of Security and
Co-operation in Europe monitors to go to Donetsk and Lugansk
regions and “explain how these elections should be
held.” The Minsk deal didn’t include this, he stated.
Under the Minsk packages the economic blockade of eastern Ukrainian regions must be ended, social payments reinstated, the banking system restored, Lavrov said adding that none of that has been done by Kiev.
The third point of the Minsk deal that has not been fulfilled by Kiev is amnesty for those who took part in the conflict in eastern Ukraine, he said.
In addition, self-rule for Donbass was one of the key conditions of the Minsk agreements, however the law passed by the Rada in March postpones the introduction of the new status until the regions hold new elections under Ukrainian laws. Until then the two republics will be recognized as ‘temporary occupied territories’ and voted that the status should remain until the Ukrainian military fully restores control.
“This is a flagrant violation of the Minsk agreements by Kiev,” Lavrov said.
Based on Kiev’s stance Lavrov said he hardly believes Ukraine will be able to fulfill all Minsk agreements.