EU Parliament backs drastic cuts to irrepressible plastic bag use
Once the rules are confirmed later this year, the 28 member states will be required to reduce the use of plastic bags by some 80 percent by 2025.
The states will have a choice of which route to take to achieve the set target. The first choice is for shoppers to reduce the use of “non-biodegradable plastic bags to 90 lightweight bags per citizen by the end of 2019 and 40 by the end of 2025,” the EU Parliament press release reads.
The second choice is to just stop giving out plastic bags over the counter completely by the end of 2018.
“The European Commission said that countries should deal with the matter themselves, but in fact they are not! 740 million euros per annum, according to the Commission's own calculations, will be saved,” MEP Margrete Auken said
“This is a huge step forward in tackling the plastic waste in Europe's oceans that kills thousands of marine animals each year,” said Liberal Democrat MEP Catherine Bearder.
— European Parliament (@Europarl_EN) April 28, 2015
The new rules would also make the European Commission responsible for assessing the environmental impact of “oxo-degradable plastic materials.” The Commission will later use the data to propose proper labeling and marking measures for biodegradable and compostable plastic bags.
“This legislation will create a genuine win-win situation” said Margrete Auken. “We’re talking about an immense environmental problem. Billions of plastic bags end up directly in nature as untreated waste. It damages nature, harms fish, birds, and we have to get to grips with this.”
The EU Parliament argues that most store is in the EU use lightweight plastic bags that are thinner than 50 microns. Because of their thinness they are less likely to get reused in the future, and get thrown away, thus polluting the environment.
According to official estimates, five years ago each European national used 198 plastic carrier bags, 90 percent of which was thinner than 50 microns. Of the 100 billion bags consumed in the EU, an estimated eight billion plastic bags were discarded as litter in 2010. In Denmark and Finland only four bags are used per person per year while in places like Slovakia and Portugal that number is 100 times higher.
It takes five seconds to manufacture the bag, five years to use it, but an astonishing 500 years to decompose. The Parliament's TV states that 94 percent of birds in the North Sea have fragments of plastic bags in their stomachs. Other animals and mammals across the EU mistakenly ingest the plastic believing it to be an edible treat. Many die as a result.