US labour market conundrum
Despite the recent improvement, the job market remains far from normal with the number of people working and total hours worked still significantly below pre-crisis peaks
Recent job gains have cheered up hopes for the economy.
Employers added an average of 245,000 jobs a month from December through February. The unemployment rate has fallen roughly a percentage point since summer, to 8.3%. Meanwhile, U.S. gross domestic product grew 3% in the fourth quarter, but is expected to have slowed to just below 2% in the first three months of this year.
However, several months of strong hiring were obviously not enough to satisfy demand for jobs and the U.S. economy needs to grow more quickly if it is to produce enough jobs to bring down the unemployment rate.
Bernanke said the recent drop in the jobless rate could reflect an effort by businesses to recalibrate their payrolls after unusually heavy job cuts during the recession. If this is the case, he said, progress may stall.
Bernanke also mentioned that much of the improvement in the U.S. labour market over the last three years, when the economy began emerging from the deepest recession in generations, was due to a decline in layoffs rather than a robust pick up in the number of employers taking on new workers. To achieve a more rapid recovery in the job market, hiring rates will need to return to more normal levels.