Russian Central Bank revives anti-crisis tools
The Central Bank will now be refinancing banks not only on
collateral of loans to companies with international rating, but
also on loans to state-run strategic enterprises without
international ratings. Audits of many of them have not been
carried out because of the secrecy of production (for example,
defense enterprises or the nuclear industry). There are more than
300 such organizations in Russia, business daily Vedomosti
Central Bank initially applied this measure in order to boost
liquidity in the banking sector in 2008-2009. The bank terminated
it when it became clear that the economic situation improved and
the financial sector accumulated excess liquidity, Vedomosti
However, the new chairman of the Central Bank Elvira Nabiullina
says there should be no parallels with the crisis years.
"We are speaking of those enterprises only whose loans are
government insured” Nabiullina told Vedomosti.
At the peak of the crisis in February 2009, Russia’s Central Bank
included more than 100 strategic enterprises with no
international rating in the list of organisations, whose notes
and loans were taken as collateral for refinancing by the Central
Bank, Vedomosti reports.
Big state-owned banks were the main beneficiaries from the
refinancing as the majority of loans to strategic enterprises
were on their balance sheets, business daily Kommersant reports.
Such assistance may be needed again, the newspaper quotes
experts. The Russian economy is slowing down: it grew just 1.6%
in the 1st quarter of this year compared to 4.7% a year earlier.
Corporate lending has also fallen sharply to 14% in January –
April this year from 24% for the same period in 2012, the
newspaper quotes Higher School of Economics data.