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25 Mar, 2023 17:30

Statue of ancient Egyptian pharaoh unearthed

Stone fragments depicting Ramses II were discovered at a Sun temple near Cairo, the Ministry of Tourism has said
Statue of ancient Egyptian pharaoh unearthed

Archaeologists have unearthed several pieces of statues of ancient Egyptian royalty at a temple near Cairo, the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced on Monday.

Among them are parts of a statue of the Pharaoh Ramses II, Egypt’s most powerful and celebrated ruler, who reigned more than 3,000 years ago.

The discoveries also include statues of Ramses IX, Horemheb, and Psamtik II, who reigned from 1126-1108 BC, 1323-1295 BC, and 595-589 BC, respectively.

The depictions were unearthed during an excavation by Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities and the University of Leipzig Museum in Germany at an archaeological site near the Museum for the Cultural Heritage of Heliopolis, in Egypt’s Matareya region.  

The Egyptian team found several pieces of quartzite sarcophagi dating back to Horemheb’s reign, around 3,300 years ago. Another depicting King Psamtik II is made of greywacke stone.

They also found fragments of a limestone floor and parts of another royal statue, the identity of which is unknown, but whose features suggest it could be over 4,000 years old, the ministry noted in a post on Facebook. 

The German team uncovered multiple parts of Ramses II statues with the body of a sphinx made of quartz, as well as a fragment from Ramses IX’s reign. They also discovered an inscribed pink granite stone, which is most likely the upper part of an obelisk from Ramses II’s era. 

“This contributes to a better understanding of the history of this area,” Mostafa Waziri, the secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said, as quoted in the statement.

The ministry also confirmed that traces of mud-brick walls and flooring dating back to the second half of the first millennium BC were discovered north of the museum, indicating “stability in this part of the temple during the Ptolemaic and Roman periods.”

During Greco-Roman times, the temple was largely destroyed, and many of its obelisks were relocated to Alexandria or Europe. As Cairo developed, stones and statues from the site were looted and used as building materials, the Daily Mail reported.

Waziri added that work in the area is ongoing, and more results will be published in the coming months.