Vladimir Fortov, an academician and former Deputy Prime Minister of Russia

Vladimir Fortov
Director, Institute for High Energy Densities, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Science and Technology Minister of Russia, 1996-1998
Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, 1996-1998
Vice President, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1996-2001
1946 - Born in Moscow Region
1968 - Graduates, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
1971 - Receives Ph.D. in Physics, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
1976 - Receives Ph.D. in Physical and Mathematical Sciences
1978 - Professor of Physics and Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences
1986 - Laboratory Head, Institute for High Temperatures, USSR Academy of Sciences
1987 - Corresponding member, USSR Academy of Sciences
1991 - Professor and Chair Director, High Energy Physics Chair, Moscow Institute of Science and Technology
1991 - Full member, Russian Academy of Sciences
1992 - Director, Institute for High Energy Density, Russian Academy of Sciences
1996 - Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, Chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology, Minister of Science and Technology of Russian Federation
1996 - Vice President, Russian Academy of Sciences
1997 - Awarded Bridgeman Prize for Achievements in High Pressure Physics and Technology
1998 - Head, Power Engineering Division of Russian Academy of Sciences, member of European Academy of Sciences
1999 - Receives Max-Plank Award for Physics
2000 - Member, International Academy of Astronautics
2002 - Receives Alfven Prize of European Physical Society
2002 - Foreign member, National Academy of Engineering, United States
2003 - Foreign Fellow, Royal Engineering Academy, England
2005 - Vice Chair of National Commission of Russian Federation on UNESCO affairs
Despite his numerous achievements and international recognition, Vladimir Fortov is still a comparatively young Russian academician. He is a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and belongs to the group of scientists, whose work determines the modern state of physical and engineering science. Academician Fortov was one of the first people to apply strong shock waves to a generation of intense pulses of electric currents and to also investigate the physical and chemical properties of materials under extreme pressure and temperatures. He was the first to carry out the detailed measurement of the properties of perspective working media for magneto-hydrodynamic and magnetic flux compression electric generators. After graduating from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology - the most prestigious Russian education centre for physics, he went on to receive a Ph.D. in Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics. Later, he was awarded a further doctorate by the Russian Academy of Sciences, for the study of “Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma Generated by Intense Shock Waves”. An eminent American scientist, Richard Keeler, said that Fortov is unique in having created an entirely new field of physics.the physics of dense plasmas. Academician Fortov has made key contributions to the understanding and expanding knowledge of the basic properties of matter under extreme conditions. He has been awarded numerous Russian and international prizes along with honours for great achievements in his field.
The Russian government is planning to reform the Academy of Sciences. The academy was founded in the 18th century and since then it has remained independent from the State. Why does the government now want control of science education? Will it improve fundamental and applied research? Vladimir Fortov, an academician and former Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, is on Spotlight to tell us more