Napoleon: Villain or hero?

­David Markham – author, historian, educator

It’s been 200 years since one of the greatest wars in Russian and European history. In the summer of 1812, the French army invaded Russia and began a victorious march towards Moscow. But after a bloody battle near the Russian capital, Napoleon marched on to a scorched Moscow and was forced to retreat. The Russian campaign was a turning point of the Napoleonic Wars in Europe. It reduced the French forces and severely shook the emperor’s reputation. But despite his final loss, Napoleon is considered one of the greatest and wisest warlords in history… So what are the lessons learned from that war? And how could it happen that a loser became a hero after so many years? We’ll discuss it with David Markham, president of the International Napoleonic Society.