Kandeh Yumkella, Director-General of the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation

1959 - born in Sierra Leone
1982 - graduates, University of Sierra Leone
1986 - Masters Degree, Cornell University at Ithaca, New York
1990 - PhD in agricultural economics, University of Illinois
1995 - Minister for Trade, Industry and State Enterprises, Sierra Leone
1996 - Special Adviser to Director-General, United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO)
1996 - Director, Africa and Least Developed Countries Regional Bureau, UNIDO
2000 - UNIDO representative and Director of Regional Industrial Development Centre, Nigeria
2003 - Senior Adviser to Director-General, UNIDO
2005 - Director-General, UNIDO

The human kind has tried several versions of economic development in order to shorten the gap between the developed and the underdeveloped countries. The 20th century witnessed the communist experiment import substitution industrialization and free market reforms, but in the beginning of the 21st century the world is still divided between the so-called the golden billion and the rest of the world. Why were the previous strategies unsuccessful? What should be done to eradicate the problem of underdevelopment? To answer these difficult questions our guest today is Kandeh Yumkella, the Director-General of the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation.