Perestroika: how it was

Perestroika, which literally means "restructuring", was the difficult time of political and economic reform in the USSR. The reforms were introduced in June 1987 by the new Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. He and his supporters were doing everything they could, but the new economic measures were not working. They could distribute goods, but they couldn’t turn a profit. Soviet people were suffering - there was no money and food shortages in shops. It ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.