Medvedev visits Kuril Islands – 'important part of Russian land'
“I’d like to underline that I consider visiting the Kurils by the Government of the Russian Federation crucially important. We have been doing it before and, naturally, this practice will be continued by the new Cabinet,” Medvedev said prior to his trip.
The reasons for that, “are quite clear: [the islands] are an important part of the Sakhalin region and an important part of the Russian land.”
The Japanese Foreign Ministry has voiced its protest over the visit and summoned the Russian Ambassador to Tokyo, Evgeny Afanasiev, to give an explanation.
Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba says the trip will 'pour cold water' over Japanese-Russian relations.
Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Kenichiro Sasae called the visit “unacceptable” and a “deeply sorrowful” event, adding that the Islands are “an integral part” of Japan, cites Interfax.
It is Medvedev’s second trip to Kunashir: he first visited in November 2010. The then-President became the first Russian leader to step foot on the Kuril Islands. The previous visit sparked fierce criticism from Tokyo – where it was dubbed “very regrettable.”
The Southern Kurils – comprising the islands of Kunashir, Shikotan, the Khabomai Rocks and Iturup – fell under Soviet control after WW2 and have since been considered Russian territory. Japan, however, insists the islands – known as the Northern Territories by the Japanese – belong to them.
Moscow’s stance is that it wants to maintain good relations with the neighbors, but Russia’s sovereignty over the islands is irrefutable – they are an integral part of the country.
In February 2011, the then-President Medvedev President ordered the deployment of weaponry to the Kuril Islands that could be sufficient to guarantee security of the region. He said though that the move was not targeted against Japan or any third country.
“This is just our land and military forces should be deployed there since this is the border,” he said. Such forces should be “reasonable and sufficient” and “no-one should consider it as some militaristic action.”
At the same time, Russia invited Japan to cooperate in the development of the economy of the Southern Kuril Islands.