Lavrov and Clinton iron out differences in Washington
Clinton opened the conference by reciting a long list of mutual accomplishments achieved by both Russia and the United States on various fronts.
“The past two-and-a-half years has been a time of great strides in the relationship between our countries,” the US Secretary of State noted. “We have signed a historic arms control treaty, and opened a vital new land and air supply route to Afghanistan. We are cooperating on addressing Iran’s nuclear threat, working to coordinate our diplomatic approach to Libya (and) consulting closely on the changes unfolding in the Middle East.”
“Across the world, we are not only working bilaterally, but multilaterally on so many important issues, from counter-terrorism to non-proliferation. Our challenge now is to continue and maintain the momentum in order to deliver more results for both of our people.”
Clinton then mentioned the hot button issue of European missile defense, which has the potential of derailing the much-hyped reset between the two nations.
“To that end, Minister Lavrov and I discussed missile defense cooperation,” she said. “I believe we do have an opportunity to address common challenges in a way that makes Russians, Europeans and American safer. And we are committed to working with both Russia and our NATO allies to do so.”
Lavrov mentioned that President Barack Obama had confirmed the United States' readiness for talks with Russia on starting cooperation in missile defense.
"President Obama unequivocally confirmed his agreement with President Medvedev on the importance of achieving understanding as soon as possible, which will create a framework for starting cooperation in this sphere," he said.
Moscow has stated in the past that the construction of a missile defense system near its borders and without its full cooperation would be viewed as a national security threat, which could result in another arms race.
On the subject of the New Start Treaty, the nuclear arms reduction treaty signed by President Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama in April 2010, Lavrov said that the control mechanism for this treaty is "effectively working."
Concerning the burning question of Libya, where NATO forces have been engaged in a military operation to protect Libyan civilians who are caught in the middle of a civil war between Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi and the rebel opposition, Lavrov stressed that Russia has “fewer misunderstandings with the United States than we do with some European countries.”
“The situation in Libya is a case where our position is a little different,” Lavrov explained. “This is about the way the UN resolution of the Security Council is being followed. But, in parenthesis, I would like to say that on this topic we have fewer misunderstandings with the United States than we do with some European countries.”
Lavrov said it is vital to “start the political process as soon as possible” to conclude the Libyan operation, adding that “we have different channels, official and unofficial channels to work through in order to create conditions for this process."
NATO forces, which Russia has criticized in the past for “overstepping” its UN mandate in Libya, have been conducting aerial missions over Libya since March 19. Many of these have led to the death of innocent civilians.
Clinton said that the United States will continue to work with Russia and its international partners to achieve a cease-fire.
"So, although neither of us can predictfor you the exact day or hour that Gaddafi will leave power, we do understand and agree that his days are numbered,” Clinton predicted. “We will continue to work closely with our international partners, including Russia, to increase the pressure on him and his regime and we will keep looking for a way to achieve a cease fire, end the military action."
On the issue of Iran, its efforts to comply with the International Atomic Energy Agency's requirements should go together with easing pressure on Tehran, Lavrov advised.
"We have proposed drawing up a kind of roadmap on each of the IAEA requirements which Iran must fulfill," Lavrov said. "We deem it possible, in response to each concrete, non-declarative step taken by Iran, to take a reciprocal step, freezing and cutting the volume of sanctions as progress continues," he said.
Beyond the issues of security and arms control, Clinton said Washington supports Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization.
“We strongly support Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization,” she said. “Russia’s membership would allow us to increase trade and deepen our economic ties.
Russia’s WTO membership is a “priority for President Obama and the administration,” Clinton said, while adding that (Russia’s accession to the WTO) is part of our “broader global effort to promote a rules-based system of economic competition.”
Lavrov mentioned that Elvira Nabiullina, the Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Russia, had recently met with President Obama. During their meeting, the two agreed on the necessity of concluding all of the “necessary formalities.”
The Russian Minister also noted that “there seemed to be the political will from the United States” to conclude the membership process, and now was the time to translate this into practical reality.
Clinton and Lavrov signed an agreement on inter-country adoptions, which should go a long way to alleviating Russia’s concern over the wellbeing of its orphan children who are adopted by American parents.
“We take very seriously the safety and security of children that our adopted by American parents and this agreement provides new important safeguards to protect them,” the US Secretary of State stressed. “It also increases transparency for all parties involved in the adoption process.”
The agreement is a response to the furor sparked last year when an adoptive mother from the United States put an unaccompanied 7-year-old boy on a plane back to Moscow, saying she could no longer handle the stress of raising him.
“This (adoption agreement) will help us remove the irritants that have been emerging quite rightfully in the realm of public opinion concerning the destiny of Russian children who were adopted by Americans,” Minister Lavrov added.
Meanwhile, Russia and the United States also signed a new visa agreement, which will make travel between the two nations much easier for business people.
“Business men and women can travel multiple times between our two countries over 36 months on a single visa," Clinton said. "This is a big deal for those who are doing business and we are laying the groundwork for even more trade and travel.”
Lavrov was upbeat about the new visa regime, while saying that it represents another step towards a visa free regime between the two countries.
In other notable developments, Clinton and Lavrov exchanged diplomatic notes on the observance of domestic procedures required to enforce the Russian-American agreement on the disposal of plutonium (that is not to be used for defensive purposes), and the protocols to this agreement, signed in 2006 and 2010.
The agreement obliges both sides to destroy no less than 34 tons of weapons-grade plutonium waste with the rigorous observance of the nonproliferation regime, according to the U.S. Department of State.
Sixty-eight tons of plutonium is enough to produce about 17,000 pieces of nuclear weapons. The agreement envisions the disposal of a large amount of weapons-grade plutonium starting in 2018.
The agreement marks one more step in the two countries' joint goal to eliminate weapons-grade nuclear materials, thereby reducing the nuclear threat, it said.
Finally, Lavrov also expressed his gratitude for the condolences offered by Clinton on behalf of the American people for the loss of life that occurred when a cruise ship sunk in the Volga River, which resulted in the deaths of over 100 people.