If you think the world of banking will become utterly transparent – that’s false
We spoke to Patrick Young after Switzerland, the world’s largest
offshore wealth center, worth an estimated $2.2 trillion in
assets, on Wednesday signed an agreement to share financial
information with nearly 60 countries.
RT:How would you assess this step? Will it have any
impact on tax evaders?
Patrick Young: It's a very interesting move from a general sense
of natural justice; it seems entirely logical. Why should certain
people be allowed to open bank accounts in somewhere like
Switzerland, avoid paying any tax on the money, take it out of
the country in which they were earned it and so on?
RT:Therefore there's a strong logic in that sense. At the same time we have to have an eye on history, why do the Swiss have such strong privacy laws and private banking laws?
PY: Actually, they were developed in 1944 as a reaction to
the Nazis in Germany. They were in attempt to try and help
fleeing refugees stop having their money being confiscated by
Of course at the same in the modern era people are very concerned. Governments dosn't have enough money to function, it's becoming increasingly difficult to raise more money whether you are in the US or Western Europe. And therefore there's been this big move toward some degree of transparency and forcing Switzerland to open up.
And frankly large Swiss banks had this coming to them. You had people like UBS and CreditSwiss opening massive branches in US cities such as New York.
In the middle of Manhattan there was a complete city block effectively devoted to UBS's private banking division. It was ludicrous to think that in some shape or form the IRS, the American tax authority, wasn't going to get interested in what was going on in that particular building. There were of course scandals, people smuggling in, rather James Bond-style, diamonds in toothpaste tubes that were brought in by private bankers from Switzerland to the US.
RT: How does Switzerland stand to benefit from this? Could it lose investors?
PY: Switzerland essentially stands to lose a great deal, because of course it has massive banking operations. The banking industry in Switzerland is way larger – way, way larger than even the size of the banking industry in London, the major financial capital of Europe. Therefore there could be obviously massive amounts of funds that would suddenly disappear from all of the cantons and Geneva, and that would obviously harm the Swiss economy.
RT:Financial hubs such as Luxemburg and Singapore
joined the convention on international sharing of bank data in
May. Has anything changed for them since then?
PY: I think there is a big difference with a hub such as Singapore – they were significantly sized to begin with, they did not have the same critical cash mass as Switzerland had, therefore their banking business has not been hugely harmed.
It's important to understand that if you look at the world of banking per se, what's happened now is that the names of private bank accounts will be shared. If I should happen to be so lucky and have a private Swiss bank account, that information could not be transmitted to tax authorities around the world. However, corporate bank accounts will still be subject to a large degree of secrecy, because they have bearer shareholders, because they have some form of a trust structure involved. So the idea that suddenly the lights will go on in the world of banking and everything will become utterly transparent is false.
RT:Could this improve the situation in the eurozone in terms of governments recovering lost tax?
PY: The situation in the Eurozone, much like in the USA, is that the government is actually alcoholic – it drinks too much vodka, it wants ever more vodka and no matter what happens it seems to consume endless amounts of vodka. In other words, it's the government spending. Governments are spending too much throughout Western Europe and in the US they simply cannot afford to go on with that sort of spending.
Therefore we have this ludicrous nirvana approach, with the belief that ending the anonymous private banking in Switzerland is suddenly going to see us have a huge wall of money appear to pay for the government. The truth is that even if all of that money is repatriated, it would not be enough to save the governments from having to go through more austerity and cutting back their spending.
The overall reality is that no matter what you do in these circumstances money would tend to leave the countries that tax it too highly. And therefore Western Europe has a huge crisis, because it would be much easier for us all to go and live in Moscow and pay only the 13 per cent flat rate tax, compared to the swinging rates that are being charged in Western Europe at the moment.
In that sense, there’s clearly an issue here that simply evolving the banking system as we have done removes certain wrinkles, but will it cure the ongoing eurozone problem? Of course not. The eurozone needs to cure it itself, not look for outside panacea.
The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT.